|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Design and Evaluation|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|64249||Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Design and Evaluation|
|SGB Mining and Minerals|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|MQA - Mining Qualifications Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Fabrication and Extraction|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||164||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
This qualification will equip qualifying learners with the necessary knowledge, understanding and competence to evaluate, design and grade diamond gemstones to internationally recognised standards. It is aimed at people who work or intend to work within the diamond processing industry and who seek recognition for skills in processing diamond gemstones.
Recipients of this qualification should know about and are able to evaluate or design rough diamond gemstones and grade them as cut and polished diamond gemstones for sale into local and international markets. The ability of the industry to develop its potential in the beneficiation of raw materials is dependent upon the development of design, evaluation and grading skills to provide the platform for expansion of the industry and to have a base of skilled workers in the industry, including knowledgeable and competent Diamond Board inspectors.
The qualification is designed to be flexible and accessible so that people are able to consistently demonstrate the competencies required to work safely and effectively in evaluating and designing processing diamond gemstones. The role of the diamond processing sector in terms of the jewellery manufacturing and diamond distribution system will be understood as well as the importance of their role in the distribution chain.
The candidate can select the stream they wish to specialize in:
Qualified learners will, subject to the elected stream, be able to:
This qualification develops the understanding of evaluation and design of rough diamonds and the grading of cut and polished diamond gemstones which falls in the sub-field Fabrication and Extraction. It will enable learners to be informed workers in the Industry. It provides a balanced learning experience that allows flexible access to life long learning in further or higher education and productive employment in the diamond processing industry.
The processing of diamonds is not a mechanical process, but one which requires understanding of the nature and structure of the diamond crystal, how the processing reveals the qualities of gemstone and how impurities can affect the ultimate value of gemstone.
The need for this qualification was identified by a number of means:
The FETC: Diamond Design and Evaluation at NQF Level 4 is designed to meet the needs of learners in or wishing to enter into the diamond processing industry as well as the needs of employers wishing to promote recognised levels of competence in the workforce. There has been no formal recognition of the trades that are represented in the qualification before now. Previously, workers were trained and developed using informal methods and tutelage. The associated status of a nationally recognised qualification will serve as a motivation for high-level learners to enter and develop a career in the diamond processing industry. Current markers, evaluators of rough, graders of polished and inspectors will benefit from the opportunities of assessment and subsequent recognition presented by RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning).
It is a key qualification that allows for mobility and portability within the diamond processing sector.
It is a step towards obtaining a range of qualifications in diamond processing for learners who:
This qualification will also provide entrants to the industry with a structured framework to develop a measured career path within the diamond processing industry with the subsequent development of Level 5 qualifications. The majority of the candidates for this qualification are likely to be working in the diamond processing industry already. The qualification will give them the opportunity to have their skills recognised in a structured way between practical experience and theoretical understanding. This qualification would provide a launching pad for development into diamond polishing qualifications at higher levels.
There is a critical need in the industry to convert experienced personnel into qualified practitioners to raise the credibility of the industry and to enhance South Africa's reputation as a centre for diamond processing. This qualification would provide experienced, but previously unrecognised people in the industry an opportunity to establish and have recognised their skills for further development.
The intention is:
The FETC: Diamond Design and Evaluation will produce knowledgeable workers who are able to contribute to improved productivity within the diamond processing industry. The qualification is structured in a way that exposes learners to the different aspects of diamond evaluation, grading and the design for converting rough diamonds into polished gemstones for sale into local and international markets. It is anticipated that this qualification will promote the notion of lifelong learning by encouraging entrants to the industry and existing participants to seek recognition for and develop their skills.
This is a second tier of qualification in a learning pathway for Diamond Processing.
The learner, once equipped with the competencies of this qualification will be recognised in one of the trades of Marker, Inspector, Rough Evaluator or Polished Grader. Alternatively the learner may pursue the path of more advanced diamond design and examination and ultimately one of supervision and management in the industry.
The qualification is designed to be flexible and accessible so that people are able to demonstrate the competencies in diamond processing across the jewellery manufacturing sector of the mining and minerals sector.
Qualifying learners will be appointed according to the elected stream, to contribute to controlling the complete diamond processing activity by means of technologically advanced processes to create cut and polished diamond gemstones for sale into local or international markets.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that candidates embarking on learning towards this qualification are already competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
This qualification can be obtained by completing all the required unit standards in a structured learning programme, or through recognition of prior learning (RPL). The criteria for RPL would need to be in line with the MQA's ETQA requirements.
Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including international or previous local qualifications, reports, testimonials mentioning functions performed, work records, portfolios, videos of practice and performance records.
All such evidence would be judged according to the general principles of assessment.
Access to the Qualification:
Access is open, however it is preferable that learners have completed the GETC: Mining and Mineral Processes. (Diamond processing stream).
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
There are four specialisations areas:
For Specialization area A: Rough Evaluation, the following unit standards (56 credits) are to be achieved:
Title; Level; Credits:
Total: 56 Credits.
A further 14 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 164 credits for the qualification.
For Specialization area B: Basic Marking and Design, the following unit standards (66 credits) are to be achieved:
Title; Level; Credits:
Total: 66 Credits.
A further 4 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 164 credits for the qualification.
For Specialization area C: Grading of polished diamond gemstones, the following unit standards (58 credits) are to be achieved:
Title; Level; Credits:
Total: 58 Credits.
A further 12 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 164 credits for the qualification.
For Specialization area D: Inspecting, the following unit standards (60 credits) are to be achieved:
Title; Level; Credits:
Total: 60 Credits.
A further 10 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 164 credits for the qualification.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Communicate and solve problems by applying practical mathematical applications in a variety of ways.
2. Adhere to occupational health, safety and environmental standards in the workplace.
3. Describe the structure and properties of diamond gemstones and evaluate against recognised price lists.
4. Evaluate rough diamond gemstones.
5. Design and mark rough diamond gemstones for processing.
6. Grade polished diamond gemstones.
7. Inspect possession, exchange and processing of diamond gemstones.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes have been addressed by the exit level outcomes as follows:
While conducting activities related to diamond design and evaluation operations, learners are able to:
Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3,4, 5, 6 and 7.
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
The above is evident in all 7 Exit Level Outcomes.
Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.
Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7.
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 6:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 7:
Integrated assessment at the level of the qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show they are able to integrate concepts, actions and. ideas achieved across a range of unit standards and contexts.
Integrated assessment must evaluate the quality of observable performance as well as the thinking behind the performance, and must be based on a summative assessment guide.
The guide will spell out how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
In some cases interference will be necessary to determine competence depending on the nature and context within which performance takes place.
It is necessary to ensure that the fundamental part of the qualification is also targeted to ensure that while the competence may have been achieved in a particular context, learners are able to apply it in a range of other contexts and for future learning. The assessment should also ensure that all the critical cross-field outcomes have been achieved.
The learner may choose in which language s/he wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.
While this is primarily a workplace-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the exit-level outcomes. The assessment process should cover both the explicit tasks required for the qualification as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the activities associated with processing diamonds.
|The search for internationally comparable qualifications indicates that there are a number of institutions offering courses in rough evaluation and polished grading. None could be found that offer any qualifications in marking or for regulatory inspecting. There are a number of gemmological societies and institutes that offer courses and these have been listed below. Whilst some of them have approval from state or national education authorities, none appear to have accreditation as national qualifications of the countries concerned.
The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) (www.gia.edu) offers diplomas in Diamond Essentials that familiarizes learners with their own GIA clarity grading system to facilitate grading diamonds and colour and how colour affects value, Diamonds and Diamond Grading, also teaches learners skills of judging and grading the colour, clarity, and cut of diamonds, how to determine proportions and estimate weight. It addresses the fundamentals of diamond treatments, synthetics, and simulants, the effect of fluorescence on colour in diamonds, the role played by cut in the marketplace. The Diamond Grading Lab and the Advanced Grading Lab courses teaches learners how to grade clarity, colour, and cut quality factors of round brilliant diamonds and advanced grading techniques. The GIA offers grading courses in South Africa through the auspices of the Harry Oppenheimer Diamond Training School. These programmes would be equivalent to the Grading stream contained in this qualification and the Advanced Grading Lab to the intended Level 5 Grading stream that is planned.
The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) is a non-profit, private, postsecondary educational institution incorporated for the purpose of promoting education and research in gemology and related subjects. It is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology (ACCSCT). (The ACCSCT is listed by the U.S. Department of Education as a nationally recognized accrediting agency). GIA New York is licensed by the New York State Education Department.
The Swiss Gemmological Institute (SSEF) (www.ssef.ch) offers various courses in gemmology that include a Basic Diamond Course that serves as introduction to diamonds covering formation, properties and grading. This would be less detailed that the Grading stream contained in this qualification. The Scientific Diamond Course addresses some of the features covered in this qualification dealing with the properties of diamonds. None of their programmes addresses rough evaluation. They claim no accreditation.
The Indian Institute of Gemology (IMI) (email: email@example.com) offers a course in Diamonds and Diamond Grading that addresses gem identification and diamond properties. This programme would not attain the level of this qualification. They claim no accreditation.
The International Gemological Institute (IGI) (www.igiworldwise.com) offers a course in Polished Diamonds that teaches learners how to grade polished diamonds and would appear to cover the contents of the Grading stream of this qualification. The Rough Diamond Course covers sorting, sorting for parting and identification of diamonds. It covers some of the aspects of the Rough Evaluation stream contained in this qualification, but does not cover the depth of this qualification. Whilst the IGI has its own school of Gemology, it does not cite any accreditation.
The Hode Raad voor Diamant (HRD) (www.hrd.be) offers courses in rough sorting, diamond grading, diamond treatments which would appear to cover the scope of some of the Rough Evaluation stream and the Grading stream of this qualification. The HRD was recognised by the Flemish community as an educational institute, but they do not claim national accreditation for their programmes.
The MSU Gemological Center (MSU) (www.gemology.ru) offers courses in diamond grading and Rough diamonds. These courses appear to cover the general scope of the Grading and Rough Evaluation streams of this qualification, but the MSU claims no accreditation. The duration of the programmes would indicate that the scope may be less comprehensive that this qualification.
The Canadian Institute of Gemmology (CIG) (www.cigem.ca) offers a Diamond Grading course that appears to cover the scope of the Grading stream of this qualification. They claim no national accreditation for their programmes.
The EGL College of Gemology (EGL) (www.egl.co.za) is part o fan international laboratory and consulting service that offers courses in Diamonds and Diamond Grading. The programme covers the scope of the Grading stream of this qualification. EGL is accredited with the MQA.
The search indicates that whilst there are a number of organisations offering certification programmes in rough diamonds and polished grading, none of these appear to be nationally accredited, although some have international reputation for their standards and would offer programmes at the level of this qualification in these streams. None, however, offer marking qualifications or regulator inspection qualifications.
In seeking to establish whether qualifications in diamond design and evaluation exist elsewhere the following channels have been pursued:
> Austria: World Federation of Diamond Clubs: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> Belgium: Beurs Voor Diamanthandel: email@example.com, Syndikaat Der Belgische Diamantnijverheid (SDB): firstname.lastname@example.org and HRD Antwerp NV: email@example.com.
> Canada: Canadian Jewellers Institute: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> China: Shanghai Diamond Exchange: email@example.com.
> England: The London Diamond Bourse: Maxime@londonbourse.com.
> India: Bharat Diamond Bourse: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> Israel: Israel Diamond Exchange Ltd: email@example.com and The Israel Manufacturers Association Ltd: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> Netherlands: Vereniging Beurs Voor Den Diamonthandel: Diamondbourse. Amsterdam@inter.NL.net and Algemene Juweliersvereniging: email@example.com.
> Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka Diamond Manufacturers Association: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> Thailand: Bangkok Diamond and Precious Stones Exchange: email@example.com and The Thai Diamond Diamond Manufacturers Association: firstname.lastname@example.org.
> USA: New York Diamond Dealers Club: email@example.com and Diamond Manufacturers and importers Association of America: firstname.lastname@example.org.
These countries were contacted because they are the countries where major diamond processing takes place.
Feedback from associates of South African training and professional service providers from Belgium and Canada has indicated that the unit standards developed in South Africa are of a high standard. Experienced managers and craftsmen in South Africa with international experience have also indicated that the standard of unit standards that make up this qualification are at a level that is comparable to best practices in countries such as Belgium, Israel, China and India. Sources of this information come from experienced people working with international connections from organisations that include:
Contact has been made with organisations in SADC countries who are also seeking to establish recognition for the same skills as covered by this qualification. Neither Namibia nor Botswana, who are rapidly developing diamond processing skills, have a formal system and the MQA has been approached to establish whether through SADC qualifications developed in South Africa could be used to establish regional standards.
In conclusion, it appears that South Africa has been the first country to establish formal national qualifications in diamond design and evaluation and that, outside of rough evaluation and polished grading, no other comparable international qualifications yet exist.
|This qualification allows for both vertical and horizontal articulation.
Vertical articulation exists with:
Horizontal articulation exists between the four specialisation areas contained in this qualification and:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|Assessors should be in possession of:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||116534||Carry out basic first aid treatment in the workplace||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Core||253855||Understand the characteristics of gem diamonds||Level 3||NQF Level 03||10|
|Core||259837||Use a microscope to examine diamond gemstones||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||242668||Demonstrate knowledge and application of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 85 of 1993 (OHSA) (as amended) and the responsibilities of management in terms of the Act||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||259757||Evaluate diamond gemstones against recognised price lists||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||259727||Explain the requirements for the security of diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||242821||Identify responsibilities of a team leader in ensuring that organisational standards are met||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119462||Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119459||Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||253815||Describe process control systems for processing diamond gemstones||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||259726||Use a computer to design, mark and check diamond gemstones for parting||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||253817||Use a loupe to examine diamond gemstones||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||259839||Calculate Basic Weight Yield for Rough Diamond Gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||259738||Clarity Grade Rough Diamond Gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||18|
|Elective||259817||Demonstrate a working knowledge of the Diamonds Act and understanding of the Minerals Act in relation to diamonds||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||259857||Demonstrate understanding of processes and obligations to trade in diamonds||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||253794||Describe the process of fabrication for polishing diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||259777||Describe the structure and properties of gem diamonds||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||259797||Determine whether to saw, laser cut or make rough diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||259689||Explain the requirements to issue a licence to mine, deal and/or process diamonds||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||259699||Grade polished diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||259758||Indicate where to place a window on Rough Diamond Gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||259693||Measure proportions of polished diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||259760||Sort rough diamond gemstones by colour, weight and shape||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||259778||Stress test rough diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||259759||Test Rough Diamond Gemstones for Fluorescence||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||259798||Use a computer to evaluate options in design for rough diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||259761||Use a loupe for advanced applications in examining diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||259838||Use laboratory equipment to examine diamond gemstones||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.