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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Maintain and adapt oral/signed communication 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119454  Maintain and adapt oral/signed communication 
ORIGINATOR
SGB GET/FET Language and Communication 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 04 - Communication Studies and Language Language 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
8962  Maintain and adapt oral communication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to learners who need a sound foundation of spoken/signed language ability for further language growth, and for application in real life contexts. Learners talk/sign confidently in both formal and informal contexts and /sign actively for ideas and information in interactions with other people. They are aware of the ways others speak/sign to influence listeners and audiences. In conveying their ideas and information they select language and a register that is accessible to their audience and fit for their purpose.

Learners credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Use a variety of strategies to maintain communication.
  • Adapt language to accommodate socio-cultural sensitivities without losing own meaning.
  • Use knowledge of language structures and conventions to shape or decode meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary or constructions.
  • Organise and present information in a focused and coherent manner.
  • Identify and explain how speakers/signers influence audiences. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the full spectrum of language knowledge laid down in the NQF level 1 or revised National Curriculum Statements up to and including GETC.

    Learners can:
  • Listen for information and enjoyment, and respond appropriately and critically in a wide range of situations.
  • Communicate confidently and effectively in spoken/signed language in a wide range of situations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Speaking/signing and listening/signing in defined oral/signed interactions in socio-cultural, learning and workplace situations, in both formal and informal contexts.

    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Use a variety of speaking and listening/signing strategies to maintain communication. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Questions to obtain information and clarify meaning are appropriate to the context, and are used to maintain interaction. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Questions must include: who, what, when, where, why and how questions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Interaction is sustained through exchanges with others to clarify understanding, information, ideas and opinions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Intonation (tone)/NMFs, volume/sign size, pace and rhythm, pitch/NMFs, stress, repetition and pacing are used in a manner that supports and conveys meaning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Sustained interactions reflect an ability to discuss a series of events. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The main ideas are clearly distinguished during the interactions and are supported by information appropriate to the context and topic of discussion. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Interactions are coherent, and conclusions and opinions that are justified by evidence and arguments during the interaction are recognised, then supported or countered. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Own speech/signing is corrected or adapted to promote clarity and understanding during the interaction. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Adapt speech/signing to accommodate socio-cultural sensitivities without losing own intention. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The effects of combining the spoken/signed word with visual features and body language are explained and used appropriately with reference to purpose, audience and context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Intonation/NMFs is/are used appropriately to support intentions in spoken/signed texts and its impact is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact on interaction of using appropriate or inappropriate forms of politeness in a -specific context is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Own ideas and opinions are expressed in ways that reflect respect for others and sensitivity to socio- cultural differences and ways of constructing meaning. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Use knowledge of language structures and conventions to shape or decode meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary or constructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    New or borrowed words/signs are identified when listening/viewing, idioms, slang, acronyms and technical terms are identified and used appropriately in speaking/signing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    New words/signs are explored and meaning constructed from a range of contextual clues in order to extend vocabulary. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Contextual clues include: parts of speech/signing; derivatives; compound words; roots, prefixes, suffixes; compound derivatives; etymology; synonym, antonym, homonym; homophone.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Meaning in speaking/signing is supported by the appropriate use of pause, intonation/NMFs, pace, stress and a variety of sentence structures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Organise and present information in a focused and coherent manner. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Articulation, pronunciation, production of signs, volume, tempo, intonation/NMFs, non-verbal cues, body language, tone, register, volume, sign size and pace, gestures and eye contact in presentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Speech/signing is organised in a way that makes its meaning and purpose accessible to listeners/audience. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Style and register suit purpose and audience. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Information appropriate to purpose, audience and context is identified, located, selected, logically structured and presented. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sources of information include (where available) libraries, manuals, directories, internet, video material, atlases, files, journals, archives, museums, schedules and official documents.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Illustrative aids used to promote understanding in the communication process are appropriate to the topic, audience and context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Own points of view and ideas are presented coherently in prepared and unprepared talks. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    At least two different techniques of speech/sign delivery, two purposes and two different audiences.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Conclusions are formulated in clear, simple language, summarising the main evidence and stating own point of view. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Identify and explain how speakers/signers influence audiences. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Speaker's/signer's choice of words, language usage, symbols, pictures and tone, sign size and pace is explored and explained in terms of impact on audience. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bias (cultural, religious or peer preferences, misrepresentation, discrimination, racist, sexist, ageist); humour; irony; sarcasm.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Speaker's/signer's omission or inclusion of pertinent facts and opinions is recognised and explained in terms of impact on audience. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The impact of different techniques of spoken/signed communication is identified and evaluated in terms of influence on selected audiences and used appropriately. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Stress, intonation, NMFs, rhythm, repetition, rhetorical questions, use of first person for inclusion, analogies, use of passive, 'politically correct' language.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Options:
  • Providers of learning towards this unit standard will need to meet the accreditation requirements of the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation Option:
  • The moderation requirements of the relevant ETQA must be met in order to award credit to learners for this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria.

    Learners can understand and explain that languages have certain features and conventions, which can be manipulated. Learners can apply this knowledge and adapt language to suit different contexts, audiences and purposes. Knowledge of formats, conventions, protocol and context is acquired through activities used to attain this standard.

    Learners are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the learner's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems: using context to decode and make meaning individually and in groups in oral, reading and written activities or signing. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others and in teams: using interactive speech/signing in activities, discussion and research projects. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively through using language. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information: fundamental to the process of growing language capability across language applications and fields of study. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills: in formal and informal communications. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of inter-related parts of a system: through using language to explore and express links, and exploring a global range of contexts and texts. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full development of oneself: by engaging with texts that stimulate awareness and development of life skills and the learning process. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the range as expressed under the title. Specific range statements under individual outcomes or assessment criteria are illustrations, from which Learning Programme developers can select. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning. Assessment should be valid, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 8962, "Maintain and adapt oral communication", Level 2, 5 credits.

    GLOSSARY

    Acronym
  • A pronounceable word formed from the first letter or letters in a phrase or name e.g. SADTU for South African Democratic Teachers Union .

    Additive multilingualism
  • A form of bilingual education in which the language of instruction is not the 1st language of the children, and is not intended to replace it. In an additive bilingual education programme the first language is maintained and supported, but the language of learning and teaching is taught alongside it. When the language of instruction is likely to replace the children's first language, this is called subtractive bilingualism.
  • Appropriate dress (footnote in u std): solid colour that contrasts your skin colour; appropriate for the context/audience, for example, jewellery.

    Audience
    The intended reader, listeners, or viewers of a particular text - in planning a piece of writing/signing learners (speakers/signers/writers/presenters) must take into consideration the purpose and audience in choosing an appropriate form of writing/signing.

    Author
  • The creator or originator of a piece of narrative, whether signed or written.

    Coherence
  • The underlying logical relationship, which links ideas together. Coherence is to do with ideas and meanings. A paragraph (see definition below) is coherent if all its sentences (see definition below) are connected logically so that they are easy to follow. An essay/signed narrative is coherent if its paragraphs are logically connected and the ideas have a unity, forming a logical whole.

    Cohesion
  • Linking ideas by means of language (e.g. the grammar or syntax of a sentence or paragraph) and/or use of space, using logical connectors or linking words/signs such as conjunctions, non manual features (see definition below), pronouns to hold a paragraph together and give it a linguistic unity.

    Collage
  • A form of art in which a variety of materials, such as photographs, fabric, objects, hand-drawn pieces, and printed text, are attached to a surface. Learners can demonstrate their understanding of many themes and issues through the choice of materials and design elements of a collage.

    Colloquialism
  • A word or expression used in everyday conversation but not in formal language.

    Constructed dialogue/role shifting
  • Constructed dialogue is when the signer alternately assumes the role of various characters within a story/narrative, using first person perspective. Ways of doing this can include use of space, head movements, eye gaze, body orientation and movements, etc.

    Context
  • That which precedes or follows a word/sign or text and is essential to its meaning.
  • The broader literal, social or cultural environment to which a text (or part of a text) is related and which affects its readers'/viewers' understanding.

    Controlling idea
  • An important or central concept, theme, or argument that is used to unify a signed, written, oral, or media text.

    Conventions
  • Accepted practices or rules in the use of language. Some conventions help convey meaning (e.g. use of space, the rules of grammar of a language, punctuation typefaces, capital letters, etc.); others assist in the presentation of content (e.g. use of sign placement, table of contents, headings, footnotes, charts, captions, lists, pictures, index, etc.)

    Creative thinking
  • The process of thinking about ideas or situations in inventive and unusual ways in order to understand them better and respond to them in a new and constructive manner. Learners think creatively in all subject areas when they imagine, invent, alter, or improve a concept or product.

    Critical thinking
  • The process of thinking about ideas or situations in order to understand them fully, identify their implications, and/or make a judgement about what is sensible or reasonable to believe or do.

    Discourse
  • Connected speech or signing or writing which is longer than a conventional sentence; a formal term for a talk, a conversation, or the written/signed treatment of a subject.

    Diction
  • The choice of words or phrases or signs in speech or writing or signing; the particular words or phrases or signs chosen to express an idea.

    Editing
  • The process of correcting grammatical, usage, punctuation/non manual features, and spelling errors to ensure that the writing/signing is clear and correct. The editing process also includes checking writing/signing for coherence of ideas and cohesion of structure. In media, editing involves the selection and juxtaposition of sounds and/or images.

    Essay/signed narrative
  • A prose composition that discusses a subject or makes an argument. This type of writing often presents the writer's/presenter's own ideas on a topic. The SASL equivalent of this would be a signed narrative.

    Etymology
  • The origin and history of the form and meaning of a word/sign.

    Figurative language
  • Words or signs or phrases used in a non-literal way to create a desired effect (e.g. simile, personification, metaphor).

    Fluency
  • The word comes from the flow of a river and suggests a coherence and cohesion that gives language use the quality of being natural, easy to use and easy to interpret.

    Foreshadowing
  • A device in literature in which an author provides an indication of future events in a plot.

    Forms of text
    Any particular type of text, having specific and distinctive characteristics arising from its purpose, function, and audience.
  • Written/signed forms may include narratives (folklore/short stories/novels/dramas), dialogues, sets of instructions, advertisements, editorials, brochures, manuals, agendas and minutes, diary entries, journals, lists, charts, plays, reports, journals, essays/signed narratives, poems and letters.
  • Oral/signed forms may include conversations, debates, seminars, panel discussions, interviews, role play, monologues, prayers, lectures, negotiations, and speeches/presentations
  • Visual genres may include photographs, documentaries, travelogues, feature films, soap operas, and cartoons. These can be analysed into more specific genres, for example, feature films could be grouped as westerns, thrillers, dramas, romances, musicals and comedies.

    Free verse
  • Poetry written/signed without a regular metrical pattern, but based on natural rhythms of speech/signing and free expression rather than on a predetermined form. Free verse may be rhymed or unrhymed.

    Genre
  • The types or categories into which literary works are grouped (e.g. signed narrative, novel, short story, essay, poetry, drama, or film)

    Grammar
  • A description of the structure of a language, particularly the way words, signs and phrases are formed and combined to produce sentences. It takes into account the meanings, functions and organisation of these sentences in the system of the language.

    Graphic organiser
  • A visual representation such as a chart, table, timeline, flowchart, or diagram used to record, analyse, synthesise, and assess information and ideas.

    Hyperbole
  • A literary device in which exaggeration is used deliberately for effect or emphasis (eg a flood of tears).

    Iconicity
  • Iconicity as a poetic strategy is the use of signs to represent action/movement, and is often used in conjunction with repetition of parameters and rhythm.

    Idiom
  • A group of words/signs that, through usage, has taken on a special meaning different from the literal meaning (e.g. "keep your shirt on! Or "It's raining cats and dogs").

    Implicit meaning
  • Ideas and concepts that are present but stated indirectly.

    Inference
  • A conclusion drawn from evidence.

    Information processing
  • A general term for the process by which information is identified, understood, stored, organised, retrieved, combined and communicated to form new knowledge.

    Irony
  • A statement or situation that has underlying meaning different from its literal or surface meaning.

    Jargon
  • Apeech, signing or writing used by a group of people who belong to a particular trade, profession, or any other group bound together by mutual interest, e.g. the jargon of law, medical jargon. Jargon is useful when used within a trade or profession, but when it is used to exclude listeners, /readers/viewers from an interaction, it is potentially hurtful or even harmful.

    Key questions
  • There are five common questions that help discover the essential facts: who, what, where, when, and why? In newspaper reports, it is important to cover these questions at the beginning.

    Literary (stylistic) device
  • A particular pattern of words/signs, a figure of speech, or a technique used in literature to produce a specific effect (e.g. hand shape repetition, rhythm, rhyme, parallel structure, analogy, comparison, contrast, irony, foreshadowing, simile, metaphor, personification, pun, oxymoron, symbol).

    Mind-map
  • The preparation of a graphic representation of key words.

    Multimedia presentation
  • A work that uses a combination of media to present information and ideas (e.g. a presentation using slides, computer graphics, posters, and video clips).

    Non verbal language/communication
  • Communication without the use of words/signs, which could be done by gestures or could refer to total body language.

    Obfuscation
  • The deliberate use of words/signs/phrases/jargon/idioms that will not be understood by the listener/reader/viewer. It is a clouding of the issue to avoid taking responsibility for an action or to confuse the listener/viewer into accepting something that should not be lightly accepted

    Onomatopoeia
  • The use of a word having a sound that echoes its sense (e.g. buzz, hum, bang)

    Oxymoron
  • A combination of words/signs with contradictory meanings, used deliberately for effect. It is usually formed by using an adjective to qualify a noun with an opposite meaning (e.g. an open secret).

    Paragraph(s)
  • Where appropriate, 'paragraph (s)' should be read as 'chunks of sign'.

    Parameters
  • Parameters are the building blocks of signs: handshape, location, movement, palm orientation, and non manual features.

    Paraphrase
  • A restatement/expression of an idea or text using one's own words/signs.

    Point of view
  • In fiction, the position of the narrator in relation to the story and audience (e.g. limited/ omniscient/ third-person/first-person narrator or multiple narrators.

    Power relations
  • When a particular group dominates other groups. This dominance could be related to gender, race, nationality, disability or language groups. In this document, the focus is on how the use of language (the choice of words) indicates a relationship that is neutral, empowered or disempowered.

    Reading/viewing strategies
    Skills and approaches used before, during and after reading/viewing to determine the meaning and increase understanding of a text. Examples are:
  • Scanning: a type of reading/viewing used to locate a particular piece of information without necessarily attending to other parts of a text
  • Skimming: a type of reading/viewing used to identify only the main idea or ideas or to pick out any words in capitals/ in italics/underlined, as well as any visuals or font indicators that would help a reader/viewer to understand a passage.
  • Sifting: selecting the most important ideas, words, facts or finding only those details relevant to a task or purpose

    Register
  • Speech/signing variety used by a particular group of people, usually sharing the same occupation or the same interests. A speaker/writer/presenter/signer must choose signs/words/images that are easily understood by the listener/reader/viewer/audience - the pitch must suit the purpose.

    Research
  • Involves a systematic investigation involving the study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and seek out truth. The following stages are involved: selecting a topics, narrowing the focus, locating appropriate resources, gathering information, analysing material and forming conclusions, presenting the information in written and/or oral/signed form, and documenting the sources of information and ideas.

    Rhetorical question
  • A question not asked for information but for dramatic effect. The question is usually either one that does not need an answer, as the issue is self-evident, or one that the speaker/signer/writer/presenter proceeds to answer immediately.

    Role play
  • A dramatic technique in which participants act the part of another character, usually in order to explore the character's thoughts, feelings, and values.

    Paragraph (in relation to SASL)
  • A paragraph is a coherent and cohesive collection of sentences. Its boundaries may be indicated by manual or non manual devices.

    Presenting/signing (also refer to viewing)
  • SASL does not have a written form. Therefore, reading and writing/presenting outcomes take on a different form, that is, a receptive and productive competence. For simplicity, the unit standards refer to viewing and presenting respectively.

    Sentence (in relation to SASL)
  • A sentence is a unit of meaning made up of a collection of signs and non manual features, always including a verb, and adhering to specific grammatical rules of SASL .

    Sign devices
  • Sign devices are visual strategies used in signed poetry, for example, rhythm, placement, role shifting, and repetition of handshape, location, movement, palm orientation, and non manual features.

    Sign parameter
  • The building blocks of the sign/word: handshape, location, movement, palm orientation, non-manual sign.

    Sign devices
  • These include register, non-manual features (NMFs), placement, role-shift, parameter

    Slang
  • Casual, very informal speech/signing, using expressive but informal words and expressions. Slang is usually related to age or social group rather than to trade or profession (jargon). It is used to stress an identity for those in the know and to exclude those who do not know the terms, for example, words to describe money, grown-ups, police, and activities.

    Stylistic devices
  • A particular pattern of words, a figure of speech or technique used in literature to produce a specific effect, e.g. rhyme, parallel structures, short or one word sentences, analogies, comparisons, contrasts, irony, foreshadowing, similes, metaphors.

    Symbol
  • Something that stands for or represents an abstract idea.

    Syntax
  • The way in which words are arranged to form larger grammatical structures (e.g. phrases, clauses, and sentences).

    Technical language
  • The terminology used in a field or understood by a trade, profession or group of people e.g. in metal -working, the term "pig" means a mould for casting metal. It differs from jargon in being more generally understood and used, for example, by many people rather than a few and it does not have the negative connotations that the word "jargon" carries.

    Text
    Texts refer to signed, spoken, written, or visual communications, including sign language that communicates meaning to an audience or reader/viewer. A text may be considered from the point of view of its structure, context and function.
  • Spoken/signed texts: May include conversations, speeches/presentations, prayers, and songs,
  • Written/signed texts: May include poetry, drama, novels, letters, magazine and newspaper articles, paragraphs, essays/signed narratives, and scripts
  • Visual texts: May include photographs, posters, cartoons, advertisements, environmental prints (road signs), maps, diagrams, charts, and films

    Tone
  • The quality and timbre (distinctive character) of the voice used in speaking; the height of pitch and change of pitch which is associated with the pronunciation of syllables or words and which affects the meaning of the word.

    Topic sentence
  • The sentence that expresses the central idea in a paragraph. In SASL, repetition of important signs occurs throughout the paragraph to express the topic of the paragraph or a number of paragraphs.

    Voice
  • In writing: a work's distinctive style of expression, personal or impersonal, conveyed through the author's use of vocabulary, sentence structure, and imagery. In oral/signed communication: the quality of sound produced by a speaker. In grammar: a property of verbs (e.g. active and passive voice).

    Writing process
    The process involved in producing a polished piece of writing. It comprises several stages. The main stages are:
  • Generating ideas
  • Choosing a form of writing to suit the topic, purpose and audience
  • Developing a plan for writing
  • Organising ideas
  • Writing and revising drafts
  • Editing
  • Proofreading
  • Producing and publishing

    Venn diagram
  • Graphs that use circles to present connections and intersections.

    Viewing (also referring to signing)
  • SASL does not have a written form. Therefore, reading and writing/presenting outcomes take on a different form, that is, a receptive and productive competence. For simplicity, the unit standards refer to viewing and presenting respectively. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Fundamental  59099   National Certificate: Agricultural Equipment Service and Repair  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Fundamental  57162   National Certificate: Aluminium Fabrication and Installation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Fundamental  64709   National Certificate: Automotive Body Repair  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  71950   National Certificate: Automotive Components: Manufacturing and Assembly  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  65809   National Certificate: Automotive Manufacturing and Assembly  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  78523   National Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  64410   National Certificate: Automotive Spray Painting  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  78944   National Certificate: Autotronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  50307   National Certificate: Bread and Flour Confectionery Baking  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Fundamental  58955   National Certificate: Chemical Manufacturing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CHIETA 
    Fundamental  78527   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  58227   National Certificate: Clothing, Textile, Footwear and Leather Manufacturing Processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2017-10-26  FPMSETA 
    Fundamental  57878   National Certificate: CNC Production Machining  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  64749   National Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Fundamental  61689   National Certificate: Community Water, Health and Sanitation Promotion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Fundamental  65789   National Certificate: Construction Plant Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Fundamental  71490   National Certificate: Contact Centre Support  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  65129   National Certificate: Diesel Electric and Electric Fitting  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  73313   National Certificate: Electrical Engineering  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  58860   National Certificate: Electro-Mechanical Winding  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  58269   National Certificate: Electro-Mechanics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  67569   National Certificate: Electronics Manufacturing and Assembly  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  58722   National Certificate: Engineering Fabrication  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  71491   National Certificate: Equine Studies  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Fundamental  59016   National Certificate: Fish and Seafood Processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Fundamental  58433   National Certificate: Fishing Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 
    Fundamental  64029   National Certificate: Food Processing: Plant Baking  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Fundamental  66512   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  59015   National Certificate: Gas Installations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CHIETA 
    Fundamental  65769   National Certificate: Glazing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Fundamental  65750   National Certificate: Hairdressing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  80786   National Certificate: Home-Care Practices  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Fundamental  96402   National Certificate: Hot Water System Installation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  77163   National Certificate: Industrial Water Treatment Support System Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Fundamental  59326   National Certificate: International Trade  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Fundamental  65049   National Certificate: Jewellery Manufacturing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Fundamental  58248   National Certificate: Laboratory Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-08-05  MQA 
    Fundamental  64949   National Certificate: Laboratory Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  58268   National Certificate: Lift Installation and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  66312   National Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Fundamental  74530   National Certificate: Measurement, Control and Instrumentation  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  59689   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  59729   National Certificate: Mechanical Handling (Rigging)  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  67629   National Certificate: Mechatronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  79686   National Certificate: Metal and Engineering Manufacturing Processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  58718   National Certificate: Metals Processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  64189   National Certificate: Metals Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  74229   National Certificate: Milk and Cream Handling and Storing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Fundamental  50083   National Certificate: Milk and Cream Handling and Storing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-12-02  Was FOODBEV until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  59305   National Certificate: Mineral Processing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Fundamental  60349   National Certificate: Mining Technical Support  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Fundamental  58144   National Certificate: Music Industry Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Fundamental  59389   National Certificate: Nature Conservation: Resource Guardianship  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Fundamental  74269   National Certificate: Occupational Health, Safety and Environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  65510   National Certificate: Piano Restoration  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Fundamental  58010   National Certificate: Piano Restoration  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-04-08  Was CATHSSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  79408   National Certificate: Polymer Compound Manufacturing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  57900   National Certificate: Printing and Manufacture of Packaging  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Fundamental  58781   National Certificate: Production Technology  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  61929   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Fundamental  62709   National Certificate: Service Station Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  W&RSETA 
    Fundamental  50542   National Certificate: Small Craft Construction  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-08-31  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  64909   National Certificate: Small Scale Mining  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Fundamental  59549   National Certificate: Strata Control Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Fundamental  78963   National Certificate: Telecommunications for Customer Premises Equipment  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 
    Fundamental  59017   National Certificate: Tissue Conversion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Fundamental  61809   National Certificate: Tyre Repair and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  57823   National Certificate: Ward Committee Governance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  LG SETA 
    Fundamental  60169   National Certificate: Water and Wastewater Reticulation Services  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
    Fundamental  65929   National Certificate: Waterproofing  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Fundamental  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Fundamental  58206   National Certificate: Wholesale and Retail Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  W&RSETA 
    Fundamental  77003   National Certificate: Yacht and Boat Building  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Fundamental  90656   National Certificate: Mine Ventilation  Not Applicable  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  79806   National Certificate: Occupational Hygiene and Safety  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. 1st Black Rand Group (Pty) Ltd 
    2. 2013/077851/07 South Africa (Pty) Ltd 
    3. 3L Development 
    4. ABA Sebenzi 
    5. Access Employment Skills & Development Agency 
    6. Action Training Academy 
    7. Adcorp Technical Training 
    8. ADVISOR PROGRESSIVE COLLEGE 
    9. Africa Corporate Training Institute and HR Consulting 
    10. Africa Institute For Public Administration 
    11. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    12. AFRICA SKILLS VILLAGE 
    13. African Dream Campus 
    14. AfroXpert Performance Developement cc 
    15. AGB MATHE BUSINESS SERVICES 
    16. Akapo Jewels 
    17. AL Abbott and Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    18. Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd 
    19. All Access Holdings 
    20. Almel Training 
    21. Alpha Business Consultants 
    22. ALSTOM JOHN THOMPSON (PTY) LTD CAPE TOWN 
    23. Amabamba Recruitment 
    24. Amadube Investments CC 
    25. Amadwala 623 CC 
    26. AMATHUBA TRADING CC 
    27. AMBROSER SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    28. Ambu Training CC 
    29. ANGLO PLATINUM - ENGINEERING SKILLS TRAINING CENTRE 
    30. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    31. Anibux Training Proffessionals 
    32. Aranda Learnership College (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Aranda Textile Mills Pty Ltd 
    34. ARBINET TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT 
    35. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    36. ARMS - Audit & Risk Management Solutions 
    37. Artisan Training Institute 
    38. ASARA Training Academy(Pty) Ltd 
    39. Asiphokuhle Training and Research Institute 
    40. Aspidus 209 T/A 3D Solutions (UITENHAGE) (TP) 
    41. AVAX SA 481 CC. T/A Mandisa Development Services 
    42. Aveng Grinaker -LTA Civil Engineering 
    43. Avenida (Pty) Ltd 
    44. Babina Tlou Trading and Projects cc 
    45. Bagshaw Footwear 
    46. BALOMAT SKILLS TRAINING ACADEMY 
    47. BANA BA THARI MINING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    48. Bantubanye Skills 
    49. Barloworld Equipment 
    50. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    51. Beier SafetyFootwear 
    52. BELCOMEC TRAINING 
    53. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    54. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    55. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    56. Berg River Textiles Pty Ltd 
    57. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    58. BHP BILLITON ACADEMY 
    59. BIZA IAFRICA 
    60. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    61. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    62. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    63. BOLAND COLLEGE (Paarl) 
    64. Boland College Head Office 
    65. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    66. Boni Africa Events & Development 
    67. BPC HR Consultants 
    68. BPC HR Solutions (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    69. Brainwave Projects 342 CC 
    70. Braitex/ Tensilon Pty Ltd 
    71. Bravospace 139 cc T/A Metro Skills Academy (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    72. Break The Chains Development Services 
    73. Bridgestone South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Isando Branch (ISANDO) (TP) 
    74. Bright Idea Projects 179 cc 
    75. Brilliant Affairs 
    76. BRITS TEXTILES (Atlantis) 
    77. Bsn Medical Pty Ltd 
    78. Bull's Business and Skills Training Institute 
    79. BULL'S BUSINESS AND SKILLS TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    80. Buscor 
    81. Busma Legal & Labour Services 
    82. BW Khuzwayo Consulting CC 
    83. C C S SKills Development 
    84. Canada Clothing Contractors Cc 
    85. Candy Cat 
    86. Cape Peninsula University of Technology 
    87. Capricorn FET College - Central Office 
    88. Capricorn TVET College 
    89. Career Pathing Solutions (Pty) Ltd (KRUGERSDORP) (TP) 
    90. CAROLINE'S FASHION ENTERPRISE 
    91. CATAGRICT IMPRIMERE 
    92. Central Competent Centre (Pty) Ltd (BLOEMFONTEIN) (TP) 
    93. Centre For Business Education & Training 
    94. Chupheme Logistix 
    95. CIRCLEWAY TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    96. Classic Human Capital Solutions 
    97. CLEAN HEAT ENERGY SAVING SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    98. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Appelsbosch Campus 
    99. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    100. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    101. Coega Development Corporation (Pty) Ltd 
    102. College of Production Technology 
    103. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE 
    104. Continuing Education Programme 
    105. Contra-Lit Pty Ltd 
    106. Coricraft Group PTY (Ltd) 
    107. Cosmic Gold Trading 173 cc 
    108. Cre8ive Organisational Development 
    109. CREATIVE FOUNDATION TRAINING 
    110. Creative Thinking Trading 524 
    111. Crossley Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    112. CTAM Training and Consulting 
    113. CTC College(PTY) LTD. 
    114. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE (PTY) LTD 
    115. Customised Training Specialists Trust T/A CTS (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    116. D Z D TRADING AND PROJECTS 24 
    117. D&D Lwazi Development Institute 
    118. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    119. De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd - Technical Training Campus 
    120. De Beers Voorspoed Mine 
    121. Dean Institute Of Learning (Pty) Ltd 
    122. DEE K LOGISTICS 
    123. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    124. DEKRA Industrial (PTY) Ltd 
    125. Deneb Investments Ltd 
    126. DialNx Consultants 
    127. Dijama Training Academy 
    128. DIMENSIONAL & EDU TRAINING 
    129. Dithipe Development Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    130. Ditirelo Skills Development Services 
    131. Diversity Technology Training Institute 
    132. DON-DER TRUCK REPAIRS TRUST 
    133. DONNYBROOK EDUCATION AND TRAINING COLLEGE 
    134. DR Fire and Hazmat Training and Consulting 
    135. Driven Machinery Training Services cc 
    136. EARTH CHILD CONSULTING (PTY) LTD 
    137. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    138. Eastcape Training Centre 
    139. Ebotse Development and Training Centre 
    140. Eddels Shoes Pty Ltd 
    141. Edutel Wholesale & Retail Academy 
    142. Edutraining Business College 
    143. EECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION - ECA 
    144. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    145. Ekukhanyeni Community Development Centre 
    146. Ekurhuleni East College For TVET 
    147. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    148. EKURHULENI WEST TVET BOKSBURG CAMPUS 
    149. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    150. ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION OF SOUTH AFRICA, CAPE TOWN 
    151. Elimofo Trading& Projects 
    152. EMINENCE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    153. Enstra Learning and Development Centre (Pty) Ltd (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    154. ERGO BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    155. ESKOM DISTRIBUTION NORTH WESTERN REGION, BLOEMFONTEIN 
    156. ESKOM DUVHA POWER STATION - OPERATIONS 
    157. ESKOM KOEBERG - RADIATION PROTECTION 
    158. ESKOM KOEBERG NUCLEAR PPS - FITTER, FITTER & TURNER AND TTC 
    159. Essential Skills 
    160. Ethekwini Corporate and Human Resources Skills Development Unit 
    161. Ethembeni Multi Service Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    162. ETS Emergency Training Solutions (PTY) LTD 
    163. Execuprime Business College (Pty) Ltd 
    164. Express Model 405 
    165. Exxaro Coal Pty Ltd 
    166. False Bay College - Westlake Campus 
    167. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    168. FAPLA TRAINING 
    169. Finsch Diamonds Mine 
    170. First Car Care (Pty) Ltd T/A STi Autobody Repairers (GOODWOOD) (TP) 
    171. FOSKOR Pty Ltd 
    172. Foundation For People Centred Development 
    173. Freddy Mfana Trading Enterprise 
    174. Frugatrax Consultants 
    175. Fumani Ma-Afrika Group 
    176. Further Education Trade Training 
    177. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    178. GD & RD SERVICES & PROCUREMENTS 
    179. Gemini Training And Development Pty Ltd 
    180. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    181. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    182. Glencore Operation South Africa (Pty) Ltd 
    183. Glere Skills and Consultants 
    184. Glicam Trading Enterprise 
    185. Glo Leb Training & Development 
    186. Global Jewellery Academy1 
    187. Global Maritime Legal Solutions Pty Ltd 
    188. Goitsebasadi Construction Project 
    189. Goitsikitso Enterprise Trading 
    190. Golden Ratio College (Pty) Ltd 
    191. Golden Rewards 175 CC 
    192. GPR Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    193. Green Horizon Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    194. Growth Management Consulting 
    195. HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LIMITED 
    196. HDPSA 
    197. Heavenly Button Trading CC 
    198. HERMANUS CLOTHING MANUFACTURING (PTY) LTD 
    199. Hextex 
    200. Hibiscus Skills Training College (HILLCREST) (TP) 
    201. HIZONEX PTY LTD 
    202. Hlaniki Investment Holdings 
    203. Hlombe and Associates 
    204. Homechoice 
    205. HPS ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    206. HS GLOBAL SKILLS BUSINESS SOLUTIONS 
    207. HT MARKTECH 
    208. HUMAN RESOURCE 2000 CC 
    209. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    210. Hytec Group of Companies T/A Hytec (KEMPTON PARK) (TP) 
    211. I Care Resource Centre 
    212. Ikhaya Training and Consulting 
    213. Ilinge Labantu Debt Solution 
    214. ILINGE LABANTU TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    215. IMFUNDISO SKILLS DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    216. Impact Emergency Technologies CC 
    217. IMPALA PLATINUM LIMITED 
    218. IMPALA PLATINUM LIMITED - RUSTENBURG 
    219. Imperial Technical Training Academy (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    220. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    221. IMPILONHLE TRADING & PROJECTS 8 
    222. Impregnation Web Technology T/A Drycoat (Pty) Ltd 
    223. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    224. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    225. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    226. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    227. Industry Training & Consulting cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    228. INFINITE DIMENSION CONSULTING 
    229. INFRASTRUCTURE CONSULTING ENGINEERS CC 
    230. Ingelosi Trading 269 cc 
    231. Institute for Telling Development T/A ITD Training (MENLYN PARK) (TP) 
    232. Integral Risk Advisors cc 
    233. INTEGRATED ADULT TRAINING 
    234. Intercept Consulting and Training Solutions 
    235. INTSIKA SKILLS BENEFICIATION PROJECTS 
    236. Inyapa Vhusiku Consulting Pty Ltd 
    237. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
    238. IQRAAM DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    239. IQRM TRAINING CC 
    240. IRCA (Pty) Ltd 
    241. ISAZI TRAINING 
    242. ISHUMI LAMASHANDU TRADING 
    243. ITO Focus Reagile 
    244. IWT Abrasives 
    245. IYANDA HOLDINGS (PTY) LTD 
    246. Iziko Capacity Building CC. 
    247. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    248. IZWE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT 
    249. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    250. JESUA CONSULTANTS (Hartenbos) (WA) 
    251. Jesua Consultants (Pty) Ltd (MOSSEL BAY) (TP) 
    252. Jezilla Projects 
    253. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    254. JNUTO Trading and Projects 
    255. Jobafrik Consulting 
    256. JORDAN AND CO A DIVISION OF BOLTON FOOTWEAR PTY LTD 
    257. Josmap Training Institute 
    258. JOSMAP TRAINING INSTIUTE 
    259. Jucamo Shelf 4 CC. 
    260. Kalideen Management 
    261. Kamanga Skills Projects 
    262. Karabo Ya Karabo 
    263. KAREUBO MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
    264. Kbc Health And Safety (PTY) Ltd 
    265. KDJ TRAINING INSTITUTE 
    266. Kgolo Institute 
    267. Kgotla Trading Enterprise 
    268. KHANYISA GAVU TRADING 
    269. KHUMANI IRON ORE MINE 
    270. KHUTALA COLLIERY 
    271. Khwinana Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    272. Kia Chuma 
    273. Kodi Traiding Enterprise 
    274. Kokilesedi Trading 
    275. KOLOMELA MINE 
    276. KSV Marketing & Business Services (Pty) Ltd 
    277. Kumba Sishen HRD Centre 
    278. Kuyakhula Development Initiatives 
    279. KwaZulu Automotive Training Services cc (KZN) (DURBAN) (TP) 
    280. KWCRS CC. 
    281. LAFARGE SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    282. Lagnita Skills Solutions 
    283. LANTHIE CHEMZ DISTRIBUTORS (PTY) LTD 
    284. Leap Skills Developmemt Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    285. Learn A Trade 
    286. Learning Cubed 
    287. Learning Exchange (PTY) Ltd 
    288. Leronsa Trading Enterprise 
    289. Lesedi Skills Academy (TP) 
    290. Letlhokoa Management Services CC 
    291. Lewerb Holdings (PTY) Ltd 
    292. LICENCE WISE TRAINING SPECIALISTS 
    293. Liza Gresse Consulting 
    294. Lukhele Training and Development Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    295. M.I.C. Training and Development 
    296. Maab Training Management ( Pty) Ltd 
    297. MacSteel Services Centres SA (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    298. MACT BUSINESS HUB 
    299. Mageza Project Management 
    300. Mahayi HRD Services cc 
    301. Maile Consulting 
    302. Majuba TVET College 
    303. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    304. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
    305. MAKHOKA SUPPLIERS (PTY) LTD 
    306. Makhophila Business Enterprise 
    307. Makwedeng Training 
    308. Malkai Devrani Holding (PTY) Ltd 
    309. Management College of Southern Africa (MANCOSA) 
    310. Mantrapro (PTY) LTD. 
    311. Maqhawe College 
    312. Marcado Human Resources Strategies 
    313. Maritime Business Institute 
    314. MARKET DEMAND TRADING 597 PTY LTD 
    315. Marrian Ridge Computer Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    316. Masemase Consultancy CC. 
    317. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    318. Master Patterns by Rona 
    319. Master Retailing (Pty) Ltd 
    320. Mathome Training & Development 
    321. Matimba Rigging & Training (SECUNDA) (TP) 
    322. Matsila Holdings 
    323. Mazasa Management Consulting CC. 
    324. Mbokazi & Mkhize 
    325. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    326. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    327. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    328. MCD Training Centre (Pty) Ltd (MEYERTON) (TP) 
    329. Mercedes Benz South Africa (Pty) Ltd (EAST LONDON) (TP) 
    330. MESSINA PLATINUM MINES 
    331. METSKILL (PTY) LTD 
    332. Mgwezane Training and Events Management CC. 
    333. Miczo's Enterprise 
    334. MILNEX - BALFOUR 
    335. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    336. MINES RESCUE SERVICES PTY LTD 
    337. MINTEK 
    338. Misol Projects cc 
    339. Mission Point Consulting 
    340. MJ Mafunisa Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    341. MLINDELA STEEL MANUFACTURING 
    342. Mmalethabo Consulting 
    343. Mmaseala Business Academy (PTY) Ltd. 
    344. MMESELANE CONSTRUCTION 
    345. Mod-Mosh Projects and Consulting (PTY) LTD 
    346. MODIKWA PLATINUM MINE 
    347. Modilete Training 
    348. Mohlaje Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    349. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    350. Morongwa Consulting Services (Pty) Ltd 
    351. Mortarboard Training Solutions 
    352. Mosako Wa Kitso 
    353. Motheo FET College - Central Office 
    354. Motheo Skills Entity 
    355. MOTHEO SKILLS ENTITY ( PTY) LLTD 
    356. Motheo TVET College 
    357. MOVING AHEAD DEVELOPMENT AGENCY 
    358. MPACT 
    359. Mpeza Training and Development Specialist 
    360. MPUMAMANZI ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    361. MPUMELELO CONSULTANCY CC 
    362. MSC ARTISAN ACADEMY 
    363. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    364. MSOGWABA YOUTH SKILLS AND TRAINING DEVELOP 
    365. MT & HR Training Consultants (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    366. Mthetana Trading & Construction T/A Multi Skill Training Centre (DURBA 
    367. MUNICIPAL TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE 
    368. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION PTY LTD 
    369. National Workplace 
    370. NDIMASE TRADING 
    371. NDITSHE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CONSULTANTS 
    372. Ndrendre Building & General Services 
    373. NELLY-SGUEEJE TRADING 
    374. Nemalale Eagles Consultancy CC 
    375. Networx for Career Development 
    376. New Clicks South Africa (Pty) Ltd 
    377. NEW MINDS TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    378. Ngaphakathi Investments 
    379. Nghano Training and Development Centre 
    380. Nhlahle Development Agency 
    381. Nissan SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    382. NJ & L Trading Enterprise CC. 
    383. NKANYEZI FOUNDATION 
    384. NKOMATI MINE 
    385. Nkqubela Community Developers 
    386. Nkulungwane General Trader cc 
    387. Nokaneng Environmental Management Consulting 
    388. NOKRAM (PTY) LTD 
    389. NORTHAM PLATINUM LIMITED 
    390. Northern Cape Rural TVET College 
    391. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    392. Northlink College - Wingfield Campus 
    393. Nqoba Lift Consultants T/A Nqoba Training (ORMONDE) (TP) 
    394. Nqobani Training and Development 
    395. NS Global Academy 
    396. Nsuku Management Consultants 
    397. NTLEMO PROJECTS 
    398. Ntoane Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    399. Ntsangalala Business Enterprise 
    400. Ntunzela Trading Enterprise 
    401. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    402. ODL GROUP (PTY) Ltd 
    403. Open Learning Group (Pty) Ltd 
    404. Operational Process Improvements (Pty) Ltd 
    405. OPTIMUM LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    406. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    407. Organisational Development International (TP) 
    408. OSHIKATI 
    409. Othandweni Training Centre 
    410. OTIS (PTY) LTD (Wadeville)(TP) 
    411. Outeniqua Leadership Institute 
    412. P and R Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    413. P AND T TECHNOLOGY (PTY) LTD 
    414. Palabora Copper Pty Ltd 
    415. PCD College cc 
    416. Pebetse Training and Consulting 
    417. PERSEVCON CONSTRUCTION PTY LTD 
    418. PHAKGAMANG MATSIANA BUSINESS ENTERPRISE 
    419. Phathutshedzo Connsulting Training Provider 
    420. Philani Training and Development Solutions NPC 
    421. Pioneer Business Consulting 
    422. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    423. Plastics Federation of South Africa (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    424. Plastics Federation of South Africa (WESTMEAD) (TP) 
    425. Platinum Electrical(Pty) Ltd 
    426. Pneuma And Ivanisevich Manufactures And Selle 
    427. Poshido Training 
    428. Positive Thinking Consultants CC 
    429. Power Rush Trading 170 CC. 
    430. Powernexus 
    431. Powerpro Technologies and Training Facility (PTY) LTD 
    432. PRAXIS TRAINING AND CONSULTANCY (PTY) LTD 
    433. PRIDE OF SUCCESS (PTY) LTD 
    434. Prilla 
    435. PRIMESERV CORPORATE SOLUTIONS PTY LTD T/A PRIMESERV HR SOLUTIONS 
    436. Production Management Institute 
    437. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) 
    438. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa (PMI) - Johannesburg 
    439. Production Management Institute of Southern Africa - Durban 
    440. PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE SA PTY LTD (PORT ELIZABETH) 
    441. PROEARTH Pty Ltd 
    442. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    443. Protech Training (Pty) Ltd 
    444. PTDEV (PTY) LTD 
    445. PUTCO Limited 
    446. Qabuka-Vuka Development Trading 
    447. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    448. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    449. QUANTUM SKILLS 
    450. Quick Leap Investment 
    451. Rally Business Consulting 
    452. Rally Business Consulting PTY LTD 
    453. Rams Business Consultants Insurance & Medical Aid 
    454. RAND WATER ZWARTKOPJIES TRAINING CENTRE 
    455. REATS Training Services 
    456. Rehoboth Welding Assessment & Training (JACBOS) (TP) 
    457. Rema Tip Top SA (Pty) Ltd (BENONI) (TP) 
    458. RENKALEC TRAINING CENTRE 
    459. Resonance Institue of Learning 
    460. Richtrau No 177 Pty Ltd t/a Bokoni Platinum Mines (Lebowa Platinum Mines) 
    461. Riostep (Pty) Ltd 
    462. RISKCOM RCCT 
    463. Romatex Home Textiles (WC) 
    464. RONNELS CONSTRUCTION PTY LTD 
    465. RUBICON COMMUNICATIONS 
    466. Russ Projects T/A Academy Workplace Development (AWD) (HARRIETDALE) (T 
    467. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    468. Ruthekho Training Academy 
    469. Rutisa Training and Recruitment cc 
    470. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    471. S'Ncanakazane Trading 
    472. SA Maritime School and Transport College 
    473. Sabela Learning Academy 
    474. SABS NATIONAL ELECTRICAL TESTING FACILITY OLIFANTSFONTEIN 
    475. SAFETY TRAINING PRACTITIONERS PTY LTD 
    476. Samancor Chrome Ltd T/A Khuphuka Training & Development (MIDDELBURG) ( 
    477. SAMANCOR EASTERN CROME MINES 
    478. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    479. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    480. Sarva Dharma Ashram 
    481. Sasalethu Consulting and Associates 
    482. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    483. Scaffold Training Group 
    484. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    485. Scaw Metals Group T/A Scaw Chain (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    486. Schoolboy Training Centre 
    487. SDTSA Training Providers 
    488. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    489. Sebobatho Project Management 
    490. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    491. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    492. Sejamo Construction and Training 
    493. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    494. Senelo Trading CC 
    495. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    496. Sew Africa Training Centre 
    497. SG Coal (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    498. SHADOW JEWELLERS 
    499. SHEET PLASTIC MARKETING CC 
    500. Sheet Plastic Pty Ltd 
    501. Shine The Way 281 cc T/A Industrial Training Centre (NEW GERMANY) (TP) 
    502. Shoprite Checkers 
    503. Shukela Training Centre 
    504. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    505. SIGNA ACADEMY PTY LTD 
    506. Sisodwa Investment Enterprise 
    507. Siyakhula Trust 
    508. SIYAPHAMBILI DHN PROJECTS 
    509. SKILLS TRAINING RESOURCES GROUP 
    510. Sodic Training and Development 
    511. SOUTH AFRICA ADVANCED SKILLS INSTITUTE 
    512. South Africa Advanced Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    513. South African Advanced Skills Institute 
    514. SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY (PTY) LTD 
    515. SOUTH AFRICAN NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE BLIND SANCB 
    516. SOUTHERN AFRICAN YOUTH MOVEMENT 
    517. Southern Ambition 653 CC 
    518. Spilamart cc T/A 1st Safety & Training (SABIE) (TP) 
    519. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    520. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    521. STARPLEX 408 CC 
    522. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    523. Success in Action cc 
    524. Sukumamfazi Trading 
    525. Summat Training Institute 
    526. SWARANANG MANAGEMENT CONSULTING CC 
    527. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    528. Sylman Training Consultants 
    529. T Mabuya & Associates CC 
    530. TAG TEC TRAINING 
    531. Take Note Trading 227 cc 
    532. Talent Emporium Academy (PTY) Ltd 
    533. Talent Factor (Pty) Ltd 
    534. TALENT SCULPTURE ACADEMY 
    535. TEC HRD CONSULTANTS 
    536. Technology Risk Solutions 
    537. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    538. Thahameso Training and Development Services 
    539. THANDEKA VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL TRUST (PTY) LTD 
    540. Thando Consulting Services 
    541. THARISA MINERALS PTY LTD 
    542. Thathe Cadre Development & Consulting 
    543. The Automobile Association of South Africa NPC T/A The AA Technical College(MIDRAND) (TP) 
    544. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    545. The Brokers Learning Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    546. The Crimson CO CC. 
    547. The Fresh Foods Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    548. The Iscariota Group (Pty) Ltd 
    549. THE NEW RECLAMATION GROUP (PTY) LTD (Prospecton) (TP) 
    550. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    551. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    552. THE SKILLS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION PRIVATE PTY LTD 
    553. The Skills Matrix cc 
    554. The Tailor Shop School of Tailoring and Dress Design Training Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    555. THE TRAINING ACADEMY 
    556. Thubelihle Graduate Institute 
    557. Thusang Metallurgical Engineering Training and Consulting 
    558. Thuto Lere Community Empowerment Programme 
    559. Thuto- Lore Academy 
    560. Thuto-Boswa Education and Training Solution 
    561. Tirhani Training and Development 
    562. Tjantjello Training Solutions (PTY) Ltd 
    563. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 
    564. Tlaletso Consultants 
    565. Tloumogale Business Development & Consulting 
    566. Tommy Phiri Labour Relations and Training Services 
    567. Tourism & Business Institute of Southern Africa 
    568. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    569. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    570. Trade Call Investments Apparel (Pty) LTD 
    571. Tradesman Consulting and Training Solutions 
    572. Training Force (Pty) Ltd 
    573. Training Force (Pty) Ltd (Durban) (TP) 
    574. Transnet Rail Engineering Bloemfontein Centre 
    575. Transnet Rail Engineering Cape Town Centre 
    576. Transnet Rail Engineering Durban Training Centre 
    577. Transnet Rail Engineering UitenhageTraining Centre 
    578. TRANSVAAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION 
    579. TRENTYRE (Spartan)(TP) 
    580. Triple E Training Holdings (Pty) Ltd (KRUGERDORP) (TP) 
    581. True Ruby Trading 1021 cc 
    582. Truworths Ltd 
    583. TRY EASY ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    584. TSEBO KITSO TRAININGS 
    585. Tshamutengo General Dealers CC. 
    586. Tshedza Training Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    587. Tshelopele Development Institution 
    588. TSHIKAMOTHA TRADING AND TRAINING 
    589. TSHIKAMOTHO TRADING & TRAINING 
    590. Tshimedzwa Development Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    591. Tshisimani Holdings (PTY) Ltd. 
    592. Tshwane North College 
    593. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    594. Tshwane Training Institute (PTY) LTD. 
    595. Tsiku Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    596. Tsoho Training & Development T/A Tsoho Training (BRITS) (TP) 
    597. TTTC 
    598. Twin Peak Technologies 
    599. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    600. Ubucubu Home Industries 
    601. Ukhamba Quality Skills 
    602. Ukuthemba Brand Specialists (Pty) Ltd 
    603. Ultimo Shoes Cc 
    604. Umbuso Training Services 
    605. Umfolozi FET College 
    606. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    607. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    608. Umgungundlovu FET College 
    609. Umgungundlovu FET College - Central Office 
    610. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    611. Umqondo Consultancy 
    612. Umsenge SDCS 
    613. University of Fort Hare 
    614. University of Venda 
    615. Uphiwekonke Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    616. UTHUNGULU HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT 
    617. Valley Junction Training Academy 
    618. Vantage Training 
    619. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    620. VENETIA MINE 
    621. VERICON OUTSOURCING 
    622. Vicmat Consultants 
    623. Vijay Bhagwan Consultancy and Solutions cc 
    624. Visual Excellence Trading 508 (Pty) Ltd 
    625. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd (CENTURION) (TP) 
    626. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    627. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    628. Vumbhoni Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    629. W-Tech Manufacturing Pty Ltd 
    630. WAL TRAINING 
    631. Wavelength T.T.I 
    632. West Coast Industrial Training Institute 
    633. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    634. Western Cape Clothing and Textiles Service Centre 
    635. WESTERN COLLEGE FOR WESTCOL 
    636. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    637. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    638. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    639. WISPECO ALUMINIUM (Alrode)(Project Site NVC)(TP) 
    640. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 
    641. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES (PTY) LTD 
    642. Ya Hina Management Consulting and projects 
    643. YN2 TRADING AND PROJECTS 
    644. York Timbers Pty Ltd 
    645. Zambezi Accounting (Pty) Ltd 
    646. Zeta Training Solutions 
    647. Ziphi Nkomo Training Services 
    648. ZUREL PRIVATE COLLEGE 



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