SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Perform grinding operations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
377081  Perform grinding operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  14 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners credited with this standard will have knowledge about grinding operations. Learners will perform general surface grinding operations, finishing operations and check the quality of components after grinding operations.

Learners credited with this standard will be able to:
  • Determine job requirements.
  • Prepare grinding machine for operation.
  • Perform grinding operations on components.
  • Perform finishing requirements.
  • Perform quality tests and inspections after grinding operations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that Learners are competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The range of general surface grinding operations includes dressing grinding wheels, and grinding of surface of magnetic chuck, to opposite sides, flat and parallel, flat face and shoulder, two vertical faces parallel and central, angular face, slots, vees using a disk wheel or cup wheel, dovetail using a formed wheel, male or female radii, thin plate and slitting or cutting, plunge cutting. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Determine job requirements for grinding operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Job instructions are interpreted to establish grinding operation requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Technical/engineering drawings are interpreted to ensure that grinding is performed with accuracy and precision. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Machines are programmed to perform grinding operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The sequence of operation is planned to ensure efficiency. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare grinding machine for operation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Preparation activities are determined by materials for grinding, quality and job specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The full range of pre-operational checks are performed on machine according to standard procedure and the consequences of not performing these checks are discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Checks include routine maintenance on machine.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Unsafe, worn and defective machine parts are identified and reported to appropriate personnel before grinding operations are conducted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools, accessories and work holding fixtures are selected according to job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Grinding wheels are selected and mounted and the reasons for dressing and balancing them are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Machine dials are calibrated as per procedure and the importance of calibrating dials is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The different results that can be achieved with different cutting feeds and speeds are discussed. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform grinding operations on components. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different machining procedures are discussed and the reasons for the selection of a specific procedure for the task at hand are discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Grinding operations are performed according to job schedule and specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Cutting fluids and coolants are used where appropriate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Components are measured and checked using precision measuring equipment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Precision measuring equipment includes verniers, micrometers, straight edges, dial gauges.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Components that do not conform to specifications are marked and reported to appropriate personnel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The precautions that can be taken to avoid damage to work piece and machinery during operations are discussed in terms of costs and impact on job schedule. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Problems at workstation are responded to and resolved and the implications of not doing so are discussed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Work is performed with due care for self, fellow workers, equipment, materials and the environment and unsafe working conditions are reported to appropriate authority. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety precautions to be taken include the use of personal protective equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    All occurrences, activities, adjustments and problems related to the grinding operations during a shift are recorded and communicated to appropriate personnel as per company procedure. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform finishing requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Machinery is cleaned and cared for as per standard procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Machinery and components are packed and stored as per procedure, to prevent damage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work area is restored to a safe and serviceable condition and a clean work environment is maintained at all times. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Waste materials are removed as per standard company procedure. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Perform quality tests and inspections after grinding operations . 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of checking quality of work against job requirements is discussed in terms of the cost to the company. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Total range of checks are performed regularly and consistently in order to maintain quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Quality deviations are dealt with according to standard operating procedure and reported to the appropriate authorities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All activities and adjustments carried out in order to maintain quality in the system are documented and discussed at appropriate quality forums. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    All quality deviations and inspections results are documented and reported to appropriate personnel according to company procedure. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the ETQA policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments at exit points of the qualification, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described both in individual unit standards as well as the integrated competence described in the qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Metals for grinding.
  • Grinding tools and accessories.
  • Grinding wheels.
  • Grinding stones.
  • Precision measuring equipment.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Product and its end use.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Quality requirements for product.

    Sensory cues:
  • Cues for problems (what I see, hear, smell, feel).

    Purpose of:
  • Surface grinding.
  • Various preparation activities.
  • Recording results.

    Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Implications of not using appropriate personal protective equipment.
  • Implications of not following safe working practices.
  • Causes and responses to common problems.
  • Implications and consequences of situations such as, e.g. using damaged or faulty equipment, allowing faulty processes to continue, delaying reports about problems in work area.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • For sequencing work.
  • Set up procedures for surface grinding operations.
  • Clamping methods.
  • Methods for using cooling and cutting fluids.
  • Communication procedures.
  • Reporting procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Quality standards and specifications.
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Applicable principles related to grinding operations.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Importance of metal surface preparation to the production process to produce products. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Engaging with grinding activity-related problems.
  • Inspecting machines, tools and components.
  • Checking the quality of components after grinding activity.
  • Identifying and dealing with components that do not conform after grinding activity has been performed. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, community to:
  • Ensure that grinding process continues smoothly and effectively. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsively and effectively when:
  • Performing grinding operations.
  • Identifying and dealing with components that do not conform after grinding activity has been performed.
  • Performing finishing activities.
  • Performing quality checks. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information to:
  • Interpret engineering/technical drawings.
  • Respond to deviations during the grinding process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation to:
  • Record and report all occurrences, activities, adjustments and problems related to the grinding process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and the health of others by:
  • Using equipment, machines and tools according to manufacturer's instructions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that the problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Engaging with grinding activity-related problems.
  • Planning the sequence for the grinding process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  79666   National Certificate: Metal and Engineering Manufacturing Processes  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. BPC HR Solutions (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    2. College of Production Technology 
    3. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    4. Russ Projects T/A Academy Workplace Development (AWD) (HARRIETDALE) (T 
    5. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    6. THE NEW RECLAMATION GROUP (PTY) LTD (Prospecton) (TP) 
    7. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    8. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    9. WISPECO ALUMINIUM (Alrode)(Project Site NVC)(TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.