SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Construct and interpret a map of a geologically familiar area 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
376245  Construct and interpret a map of a geologically familiar area 
ORIGINATOR
Task Team - Fabrication and Extraction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding to construct and interpret a map of a geologically familiar area.
  • Construct a map of a geologically familiar area from given data.
  • Interpret a map of a geologically familiar area.
  • Compile and present a geological map and related reports. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding to construct a map of a geologically familiar area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The methodology is described to manually construct a geological map in accordance with sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The methodology is explained to extrapolate supplied data into areas with no data on a geological map in accordance with sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The potential and actual implications are described of inaccurately constructing and interpreting a geological map, in standard geological terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Potential geological structures that may be encountered during the construction or interpretation of a geological map are identified and described in standard geological terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Faulting.
  • Folding.
  • Intrusive bodies.
  • Unconformities.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The potential sources of data for the construction of a geological map are identified and potential problems with their utilisation described in standard geological terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Geological reports.
  • Borehole logs.
  • Aerial photographs.
  • Survey data.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The identification of anomalous and inadequate data is explained in terms of sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Means of dealing with anomalous data are described according to sound geological principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Sudden changes in strike.
  • Sudden changes in dip.
  • Incompatible lithologies.
  • Unconformities.
  • Faults.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The characteristics of a geological stratum are identified and explained in standard geolgical terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Upper contact relationships.
  • Lower contact relationships.
  • Lateral variations.
  • Thickness and thickness variations.
  • Dip and strike.
  • Variations in dip and strike.
  • The effect of intrusive bodies.
  • The effect of folding and faulting.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The means of correlating geological units and their importance in map construction are described in standard geological terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    The means to identify stratigraphic and structural relationships from a geological map are explained in terms of sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
    The legal aspects relating to safety and environmental considerations are explained in terms of specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
    The regional geology of the area under investigation is described in terms of the expected stratigraphic sequence and geological features. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 13 
    The contents of the work instruction and the consequences of non-compliance with the requirements are described in terms of the potential impact on the future development and interpretation of the geological model and potential future exploitation of the area. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Interpret a map of a geologically familiar area from given data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The workplace details are determined and verified, all in accordance with the work instruction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Anomalous data, when found, are compared and confirmed with the original data and errors in the data are immediately marked in accordance with sound geological practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Anomalous data points may include any one or a combination of the following:
  • Sudden change in the dip, strike and thickness of individual stratigraphic units.
  • Specific data that are not consistent with that of adjacent data.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Construct a map of a geologically familiar area from given data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The data are transferred manually onto the relevant base map at an appropriate scale in accordance with sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The data are systematically and manually interpolated in accordance with sound geological practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The completed geological map is examined for any inconsistencies and anomalous data and corrected if necessary in accordance with the laid down procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Work related hazards and associated risks that have an effect on a safe and healthy work environment are dealt with in accordance with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include any one or a combination of the following:
  • Eyestrain.
  • Injuries as a result of incorrect posture.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Interpret a map of a geologically familiar area from given data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The geological structural features identified on the map are confirmed, marked as per standard and their characteristics determined in accordance with sound geological practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Strike.
  • Dip.
  • Throw on fault.
  • Type of fault.
  • Axial planar trend.
  • Type of fold.
  • Intrusive bodies.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The characteristics of the identified stratigraphic units are correctly determined and recorded according to laid down procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Strike.
  • True dip direction.
  • Thickness.
  • Lateral variations.
  • Top contact relationships.
  • Bottom contact relationships
  • Effect of structural relationships.
  • Intrusive bodies.
  • Lithologies.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relationship between the individual stratigraphic units is explained in terms of geological terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The true thickness of the individual stratigraphic units is correctly determined and recorded according to laid down procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Potential geological hazards are identified and marked according to legal and site-specific requirements. The format of the data supplied is confirmed, verified, sorted into different sets and corrected, if necessary in accordance with sound geological practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Mean sea level.
  • Datum Line.
  • Coordinates.
  • Units of measure.
  • Stratigraphic units.
  • Thickness of stratigraphic units.
  • Dip and strike.
  • Structural features.
  • Igneous features.
  • Orientation of aerial photographs.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The required instruments for the construction of a geological map are selected, examined and verified in accordance with the work instruction received. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Present a geological map. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The instruments, materials and equipment are cleaned and ensured to be ready for future use and any defective items are reported in accordance with site-specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The workplace is cleaned in accordance with documented and good housekeeping practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The necessary report(s) and/or plots are compiled in the required format, submitted to the relevant personnel and archived if required in accordance with site-specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The completion of the work is communicated to the relevant personnel, and anomalous conditions emphasised in accordance with site-specific requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge will be addressed in an integrated manner in the context of the unit standard:

    Knowledge and understanding of:
  • Methodology to manually construct a geological map.
  • Methodology to extrapolate supplied data into areas with no data on a geological map.
  • Potential and actual implications of inaccurately constructing and interpreting a geological map.
  • Potential geological structures that may be encountered.
  • Potential sources of data for the construction of a geological map.
  • Identification of anomalous and inadequate data.
  • Means of dealing with anomalous data.
  • The characteristics of a geological stratum.
  • The means of correlating geological units.
  • The means to identify stratigraphic and structural relationships from a geological map.

    Processes and events:
  • Preparation.
  • Construction of a map.
  • Interpretation of a map.

    Causes and effects (Safety and Health):
  • Use of equipment.
  • Use of personal protective equipment.
  • Adherence to safety requirements.
  • Work related hazards and associated risks.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Methods of collecting, analysing, organising, summarising and presenting data.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies and standards:
  • Safety, health and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to identify anomalous data will indicate that the learner is proficient in problem solving and in the use of creative thinking processes. The ability of the learner to construct and interpret a geological map, contributes to his/her problem solving ability and will indicate the learner's problem solving capabilities by using critical and creative thinking to make decisions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to accept and interpret work instructions and report anomalous conditions identified during the course of the assignment indicates that he/she can work effectively as a team member in the bigger organisational environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note:
  • The selecting of the appropriate data series from the supplied data set will indicate that the learner can manage and organise activities responsibly and effectively. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note:
  • The correct formatting and plotting of data and the interpretation of the geological map will indicate that the learner can collect, analyse, organise and evaluate information. The identification of anomalous data that can effect the reliability of the final product will enhance the learner's ability to critically evaluate geological data. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note:
  • The construction and interpretation of the geological map and the recording and reporting of the results in the correct format will indicate the learner's efficiency in mathematical reasoning and written/oral presentations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note:
  • The effective interpretation of stratigraphic and structural relationships from geological maps in accordance with accepted geological procedures would indicate that the learner is proficient in the appropriate use of science and technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note:
  • The ability of the learner to identify anomalous data and to deal with this by applying problem solving techniques will indicate his/her proficiency in understanding that a specific action or decision taken have more than one effect. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts, e.g. Mine Health and Safety Act, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations and 1991 (Act 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives/Instructions.
  • Guidelines issued by the Chief Inspector of Mines.

    Site Specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH and S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications.

    Specified Requirements and/or Laid Down Procedures:
  • Training manuals.
  • Education manuals, including geological textbooks.
  • Geological illustrations.

    A Familiar Geological Environment implies that the local geological conditions are known and the area is generally located within a mining lease area, with all the stratigraphic markers and potential economic zones being previously identified. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  77963   Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining/Exploration Geology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.