SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Produce components by performing turning operations 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
258717  Produce components by performing turning operations 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Manufacturing, Engineering, Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  20 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
13295  Produce components by performing engineering turning operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  20  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard are required by people in the field of mechanical engineering.

Qualifying learners can carry out engineering turning operations with a range of accessories and tools. The results are checked with precision measuring instruments.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Explain and discuss turning operations.
  • Prepare for turning operations and maintain lathe.
  • Perform turning operations.
  • Finish turning operation. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for turning in the engineering machining skills area.

    The credits allocated to this unit standard assume that a learner has already learned to:
  • Operate and monitor a lathe NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Turning operations include but are not limited to different types of thread cutting, turning between centres, screw thread (internal and external), single internal and external tapers, counter balancing on face plate, turning between centres, facing off, drilling, parallel cutting, parting off, boring, hand tapping and reaming, square thread.

    The scope and level of this unit standard is determined by the ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes.

    The learner should be able to work autonomously with minimal supervision. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain and discuss turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Turning directions are explained to reflect the difference between left and right hand internal and external threads. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The purpose and process of counter balancing a face plate is explained to reflect implications for turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The implications of using the incorrect sequence of turning activities, operations and decisions are explained in terms of safety, damage and quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The relationship between gear selection and setting for a specific thread cutting operation is explained in order to cut the required thread. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Gear settings are explained to reflect the differences for multiple start threads. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for turning operations and maintain lathe. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Drawings are interpreted to determine sequence of step by step operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Materials and tools required at workstation are checked in accordance with drawing specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools include but not limited to internal and external thread cutting tools, boring bars, cutting tools, chucks, centres, centre drills, drill bits, reamers, counter sinks, select material.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Measuring equipment required for a work piece is selected in accordance with drawing specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Measuring equipment includes but not limited to pitch gauge, micrometers and vernier and dial test indicators.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The different sequence of internal and external operations and left and right hand thread is determined according to the requirement of the specific turning operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Turning speeds and feeds are determined and selected for the different thread cutting operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Required turning accessories/attachments are selected in accordance with the work piece requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Accessories/attachments include but not limited to machine tapping and reaming, fixed and travelling steady, taper turning attachment, drilling attachment, jigs.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The work piece is set-up and secured without damage to work piece or machine. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform turning operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The different sequence of internal and external operations and left and right hand thread is performed according to the requirement of the specific turning operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Lathe is monitored while in operation, making adjustments to speeds and feeds where required. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Adjustments include but are not limited to gear ratios, multiple start threads and re-sharpening tools.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Problems are recognised and addressed in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Turning operations are performed in accordance with occupational health and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Turning operations are performed in accordance with the dimensions, drawing specifications and the specified tolerances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The maximum tolerance is +- 0,05 mm.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Finish turning operation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Finishing includes but is not limited to apply quality checks, take corrective action and report on operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quality checks are applied to ensure that the finished component meets specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Job and time sheets are completed in accordance with organisational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Housekeeping requirements are met in accordance with workplace procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Housekeeping requirements include but are not limited to clean and tidy work environment, storing, cleaning.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Incidents reflecting changes or unsafe conditions during turning operation are addressed in accordance with workplace and occupational health and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Reporting requirements are met in accordance with workplace procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the relevant Education and Training Quality Assuror (ETQA) that has jurisdiction over this field of learning.

    The assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a relevant qualification and be a subject matter expert in this learning area and at least have 3 years experience in the skills specific area.

    The learner can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification:
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Assessment of a portfolio of evidence.
  • Direct observation in simulated and/or controlled work conditions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names, functions and locations of:
  • Accessories.
  • Work holding fixtures.
  • Tools (geometry and composition).
  • Measuring equipment.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Common defects.

    Purpose of processes and procedures of:
  • Turning operations covered by this unit standard.
  • Material preparation.
  • Safety checks.

    Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:
  • Material types.
  • Machining time limits.

    Cause and effect, implications of:
  • Implications of selecting inappropriate accessories, work holding fixtures, tools, cutting speeds and feeds.
  • Implications of incorrect installation of accessories, work holding fixtures and tools.
  • Implications of component not meeting specifications, e.g. poor finishes, uneven surface textures, incorrect size.
  • Implications and consequences of situations such as, e.g. damaged or faulty equipment, allowing faulty processes to continue, delaying reports about changing conditions.
  • Implications of not meeting machining time limits.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Set up procedures for lathe.
  • Turning operations and procedures covered by this unit standard.
  • Measuring procedures.
  • Machine cleaning procedures.
  • Recording and reporting procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards.
  • Applicable quality standards and specifications.
  • Applicable underlying scientific concepts.

    Theory: Rules, laws, principles:
  • Applicable machining theory covering speeds and feeds, material properties and the underlying principles of turning.
  • Applicable mathematical concepts including geometry, trigonometry and algebra.

    Relationships, systems:
  • The relationship of the drawing to the machined component. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Recognise problems while machining components and respond appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job requirements and set up machine appropriately. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Collect sensory and numeric information from the process and the machined component.
  • Classify the information and identify deviations from the norm. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion when:
  • Record outputs, incidents, measurements.
  • Report incidents and conditions.
  • Respond to questions or requests for more details. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Understand and explain machining theory and mathematical and scientific concepts underpinning the machining operation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • The relationship of the drawing to the final machined component.
  • The purpose and uses of the machined component. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 13295, "Produce components by performing engineering turning operations", Level 3, 20 credits.

    The lathe used could include CNC turning. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  91926   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Machining and Tooling  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    2. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    3. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Umbumbulu Campus 
    4. College of Production Technology 
    5. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    6. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    7. Northlink College - Wingfield Campus 
    8. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    9. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    10. Wavelength T.T.I 
    11. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.