SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Perform rescue breathing and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
255818  Perform rescue breathing and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Sport, Recreation & Fitness 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 02 - Culture and Arts Sport 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will have acquired a range of essential skills and capacities necessary for the saving of lives through the dedicated application of rescue breathing and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation with a variety of patients as applicable.

The unit is focused, among other things, on providing a critical role for the professional who in the course of their duties might be expected to respond or the volunteer who wishes to perform a public service. Improvements in performance in the competencies necessary for effective resuscitation can be expected to enhance the quality of service offered by volunteers and others who will function in support of any available professional rescuers. The unit standard can consequently be expected to benefit both the individual and the sub-field greatly.

On achievement of this unit standard the learner will understand and be able to:
  • Describe the structures and functions of the circulatory, respiratory, skeletal and nervous systems as they impact on resuscitation methods.
  • Perform rescue breathing (expired air resuscitation) according to specific standards.
  • Perform Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation for adults, children and infants according to specific standards. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Where applicable, range statements have been included under individual specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the structures and functions of the circulatory, respiratory, skeletal and nervous systems as they impact on resuscitation methods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The circulatory system is described in terms of the structures and functions of its major components. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The respiratory system is described in terms of the structures and functions of its major components. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The skeletal system is described in terms of its structures and selected functions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Features include the cranium, spine and thorax.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The nervous system is described in terms of the structures and functions of its major organs. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Perform rescue breathing (expired air resuscitation) according to specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rescue breathing is explained as the most appropriate resuscitation technique when rescuing an apparently drowned patient. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A rescue is undertaken in which rescue breathing is demonstrated in shallow water for a specified duration for an apparent victim of drowning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Patient care is demonstrated when returning the casualty to the nearest dry land. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A report is completed on the incident for use by relevant parties. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Specific, industry approved standards, are used in conducting the rescue breathing. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform cardio-pulmonary resuscitation for adults, children and infants according to specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A primary assessment is conducted, with signs and symptoms identified and recorded according to accepted emergency procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Include Hazards, Hello, Help, Airway, Breathing and Circulation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation techniques are demonstrated while undertaken singly and with a team member, according to current international protocols with the use of barrier devices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    CPR mouthpiece, pocket mask.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation techniques are demonstrated for children and infants in terms of accepted protocols, using appropriately sized manikins if necessary. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Rescue breathing is explained as the most appropriate resuscitation technique when rescuing an apparently drowned patient. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Choking persons are managed according to internationally accepted protocols. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Adult, children and infants.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The recovery position is demonstrated to achieve the safety and comfort of the patient. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A report is completed on the incident for according to organisational requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, with lifeguarding included in their field of application and expertise.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or will assess this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA. They shall be accredited for a learning programme related to the present unit standard.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.
  • Therefore, anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the relevant ETQA, provided they have lifeguarding within their accreditation scope. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The structures and functions of the circulatory, respiratory, skeletal and nervous systems.
  • The implications of the various systems for resuscitation.
  • Specific standards related to rescue breathing and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
  • Appropriate aftercare including CPR and choking techniques.
  • Incident reporting requirements of the organisation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork is required when working with members of the public, lifeguards and rescue services in undertaking resuscitation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-organisation is enhanced and developed through the discipline of engaging in a structures resuscitation endeavour requiring compliance with established procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication skills are enhanced when working with others in undertaking two-person team resuscitation, and when liaising with support services. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Appropriate use of science and technology are required when analysing underlying anatomy and determining with accuracy its effects on resuscitation techniques. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  61509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Lifeguarding  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  64369   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sport Coaching: Juniors/Beginners  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Core  66809   Further Education and Training Certificate: Sport Technical Officiating  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.