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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Recognise hazards at technical rescue incidents and initiate the appropriate rescue process 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
254216  Recognise hazards at technical rescue incidents and initiate the appropriate rescue process 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Occupational Health and Safety 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard enables the learner, as a first responder, to recognise own limitations in terms of the safety of self and others. It provides the learner with the knowledge to recognize the dangers of the different types of rescue requirements and the ability to initiate the appropriate rescue response.

Qualifying learners will be capable of:
  • Explaining the selection of and activation procedures of the appropriate technical rescue response team.
  • Explaining and demonstrating the initial site/scene control.
  • Describing the general hazards associated with each type of technical rescue incident.
  • Explaining the reasons for the limitations of the actions of the first responder at the various types of technical rescue incidents as a non-specialist rescuer.
  • Identifying the possible presence of hazardous materials and taking suitable action. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communications at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2.
  • SAQA US ID 120336: Provide risk-based Primary Emergency Care as an advanced first responder in the workplace.
  • SAQA US ID 254223: Apply emergency scene safety measures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The range includes but is not limited to the following types of technical rescues:
  • Motor vehicle extrication (light, medium and heavy); Rope rescue (steep slope and high angle); Confined space rescue, e.g., caves; Collapse rescue, e.g., structural and urban search and rescue; Trench and excavation collapse; Fresh water rescue (dams, lakes); Swift water rescue; Agricultural rescue; Industrial rescue; Wilderness search and rescue; Dive rescue; Salt water rescue (sea, surf); Aviation rescue; Marine rescue. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Activate the appropriate technical rescue response team and initiate site/scene control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The selection of specific technical rescue response team is explained in terms of the call-in and the answers to questions asked of the caller. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The reasons for securing and/or controlling a site or scene of a required technical rescue are explained and the methods used are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Members of the public are identified to assist in site/scene control, informed of what is required of them and supplied with the necessary protective equipment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the general hazards associated with each type of technical rescue and explain the limitations of actions of the first responder as a non-specialist rescuer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Each listed type of technical rescue is discussed in terms of the likely environment at the site of around the incident and the probable hazards anticipated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The limitations of a non-specialist rescuer are explained in terms of types of expertise required at technical rescue/s. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify the possible presence of hazardous materials and take suitable action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The possible presence of a hazardous substance at the site or scene of a technical incident is described in terms of the senses of sight and smell. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Container types, colours, labels; reaction within the surrounding area, e.g., skin, soil, concrete, roadway surfaces; human reactions, e.g., coughing, difficulty in breathing, tearing, skin reactions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The anticipated or expected dangers to humans and the environment are described in terms of the release of two specified hazardous substances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Noxious gasses; liquids; solids.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be accredited as an assessor by the relevant ETQA or ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone moderating a learner against this Unit Standard must be accredited as an assessor by the relevant ETQA or ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Emergency Response Guidebook.
  • Identification and transportation of hazardous substances.
  • Isolation response guide calculations.
  • Evacuation and isolation procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Solve problems by recognizing his/her limitations at a technical rescue incident and by initiating technical rescue services.

    Identify and assist responsible persons to organise and manage all parties involved in the site/scene control. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others by effectively initiating the appropriate technical rescue service and initiating scene control. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect information at a technical rescue incident and initiate the appropriate technical rescue service. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively with persons involved when implementing site/scene control and initiating the technical rescue services. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology by selecting appropriate safe communication methods to effect initiating the technical rescue services. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Credit Justification:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom learning; 18 Hours.
  • On-the-job learning and simulations; 16 Hours.
  • Self-directed learning; 16 Hours.

    Total Number of Hours; 50 Hours.

    Credits = 5. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  60249   National Certificate: Primary Response in Emergencies  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-06-02  HW SETA 
    Core  78803   National Certificate: Primary Response in Emergencies  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2013-06-02   


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.