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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply knowledge of chemical reactions in a processing environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244241  Apply knowledge of chemical reactions in a processing environment 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to understand elementary chemistry and its application in the process industry.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Perform elementary chemical calculations.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of acids and bases.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions and their industrial applications.
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical reaction rates.
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical equilibrium. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    National Certificate Chemical Operations NQF Level 2 or equivalent, including communication and mathematical literacy, NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical context of this unit standard includes any processing environment, for example chemical, minerals or beverage processing.

    Range statements, which are applicable to the unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria are found beneath the applicable assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Perform elementary chemical calculations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concepts of atomic number, mass number, atomic mass, mole and Avogadro constant are defined and explained in terms of scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relative atomic masses for a range of elements are calculated with information obtained from the periodic table of elements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relative formula masses for a range compounds are calculated with information obtained from the periodic table of elements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The term "isotope" is defined and explained in terms of an atomic model. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The masses for a mole of different substances are calculated by using accepted scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The volumes for a mole of different gases are calculated by using accepted scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The mass and percentages of substances are calculated using chemical formulas and balanced chemical equations. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of acids and bases. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The properties of acids and bases are defined and explained using chemical terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Strong and weak acids are defined and explained in terms of the acid and base equilibrium constants. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ionisation of water and the concept of pH are explained in terms of the ionisation constant for water. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A list of acids is made in order of descending strength by using the ionisation constant for water for each acid. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A range of acid reactions are balanced and explained by using accepted chemical techniques and notation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Included are reactions with metals, metal oxides, metal hydroxides, carbonate and alkalis.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Standardisation calculations are performed using basic scientific principles. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions and their industrial applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principles of reduction and oxidation reactions are explained in terms of electron transfer principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles of standard electrode potentials are explained with the assistance of a table with standard electrode potentials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A range of redox reactions are written down and balanced using scientific principles and notation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Redox reactions are balanced by using the oxidation states of the elements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A prediction can be made whether redox reactions will take place based on information obtained from a redox table. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate understanding of chemical reaction rates. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principles of chemical reaction rates are described in terms of scientific principles and terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The factors affecting chemical reaction rates are explained with the assistance of practical examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include but are not limited to the nature of substances involved in the reaction, reaction surface area, concentrations, temperature and presence of a catalyst.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The principles of endothermic and exothermic reactions are described in terms of scientific principles and terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Industry applications demonstrating the role of chemical reaction rates are described using practical industry examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate understanding of chemical equilibrium. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principles of phase equilibrium are described in terms of scientific principles and terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The principles of chemical equilibrium are described in terms of the equilibrium constant. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The factors affecting chemical equilibrium are explained with the assistance of Le Chatelier's Principle. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include but are not limited to concentration, pressure and temperature.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Equilibrium calculations are performed involving concentrations and the equilibrium constant. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Industry applications demonstrating the role of chemical equilibrium are described using practical industry examples. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 3 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Only an assessor with considerable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions is required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The qualifying learner understands and is able to:
  • Perform elementary chemical calculations.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of acids and bases.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions and their industrial applications.
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical reaction rates.
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical equilibrium. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in the following areas, which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations during:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems. This is evident in:

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical reaction rates.
  • Demonstrate understanding of chemical equilibrium. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large by:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  78528   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  58537   National Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-06-17  Was CHIETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  61971   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  74532   National Certificate: Measurement, Control and Instrumentation  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    2. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    3. KNOWLEDGE PELE PTY LTD 
    4. MPACT 
    5. Mpact Operations Paper Springs 
    6. SAPPI LTD 
    7. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.