SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Diagnose and repair steering system components 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244144  Diagnose and repair steering system components 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Vehicle Maintenance 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People in the field of manufacturing and engineering require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. The learning outcomes in this unit standard also contribute to the exit level outcomes required for various manufacturing and engineering qualifications. The learner is capable of identifying the various types of steering systems, components and parts, to prepare and position the vehicle and to diagnose and repair system faults and to record and submit a report. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3.
  • Checking and adjusting steering geometry. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes determine the scope and level of this unit standard.

    All work is performed with little or no supervision in accordance with operational, repair manual specifications and procedures and in compliance with occupational safety, health and environmental legislation. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Read and interpret the job instructions. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Read and interpret includes the specific technical data, tools and equipment required and the type of system identified.
  • Type of system includes linkage (worm gear) or rack-and-pinion. Can be manual or power assisted. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Technical data is sourced in accordance with operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Appropriate tools and equipment are obtained in accordance with the job instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The consequences of not using the correct technical data, tools and equipment are explained in terms of the impact on the job. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The type of steering system is identified in terms of the job instructions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the function and operation of a steering system. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Function include the precise control of the front wheel direction, the correct amount of effort to turn the wheels, transmit road feel to the drivers hands, absorb most of the shock going to the steering wheel and allows for suspension action.
  • Operation includes the operation of the various components in the system. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The functions of a steering system are explained in terms of the process of providing control over a vehicle's direction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The operation of steering systems is explained in terms of the key differences between particular systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The function of the suspension system is explained in terms of the effect on the steering system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The implications of the steering system malfunctioning are explained in terms of vehicle control and safety. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Inspect and determine the condition of the steering system, system problems and causes. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • System problems include steering wheel play, hard steering and steering system noise.
  • Steering system noise includes worn parts, unlubricated bearings, loose parts, slipping belts and low power steering fluid level.
  • Causes include worn parts, lack of lubrication and incorrect adjustments. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Steering system problems are identified in accordance with repair manual procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Component and part wear is identified in terms of their causes and remedies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Faults are diagnosed in terms of their causes and the effect on the steering system. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Diagnose and repair steering system components and test the operation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Diagnose includes visual and manual/physical inspection of the steering components and parts for defects.
  • Components and parts includes steering wheel, steering shaft, steering column, steering gearbox, steering linkages, ball sockets, pinion rack and gear, ignition switch and locking mechanism, locking steering wheel, collapsible steering column, power steering pumps and hoses, power steering reservoirs, universal joints.
  • Repair includes the removal of faulty components and parts and fit replacement components and parts and bleeding of the system.
  • Test includes visual, manual and physical checks and operational checks. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Steering system components are diagnosed and parts are repaired or replaced in accordance with repair manual procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The operational condition of the steering system is checked in accordance with repair manual requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work is conducted in accordance with flat rate time schedules. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Reasons for repairing or replacing parts are given in terms of cost and safety factors. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Implications of incorrect diagnosis is explained in terms of cost and safety. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply safety procedures during the diagnosing and repair task. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Wearing of personal protective equipment (PPE).
  • Use and disposal of cleaning agents and fluids.
  • Following SHE procedures. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety procedures are identified and adhered to during the diagnosing and repairing task. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The system is diagnosed and repaired without incident, accident or injury. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    No damage is caused to the steering system, equipment and tools. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All repair manual safety warnings and required actions before, during and after the task are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Restore work area and complete and process documentation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Restoring work area includes disposal of hazardous materials, tools and equipment packed away.
  • Documentation includes completing job cards, check lists and reports.
  • Reports include reports and summaries of work completed.
  • Process includes submissions according to company procedures. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The work area is restored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are cleaned and stored in accordance with workplace and SHE requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Consequences of not leaving the workplace in the appropriate state are explained in terms of safety hazards and production. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Documentation is completed and processed in accordance with company procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The reasons for the various documentation are explained in terms of their main functions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Steering system components and parts.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Types of materials.
  • The various steering system types.

    Sensory cues:
  • What I see, hear, smell and feel during the process.

    Purpose of:
  • The steering system, components and parts.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable company policies and procedures.
  • Workshop manual procedures.
  • SHE procedures.
  • Quality procedures.
  • Road safety Act.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Steering system fundamentals.

    Relationships, systems:
  • The interaction of the various steering system components and parts in relation to the road holding capabilities of the vehicle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Relating to steering systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • When interacting with team members and colleagues during the planning, preparation, and completion and reporting phases of repairing steering systems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • When preparing the vehicle and steering system for inspection and repairs.
  • When working in accordance with service and flat rate schedules.
  • When managing resources and my time. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • When ordering replacement parts.
  • When completing and processing written reports.
  • When submitting the reports to the relevant department. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • When using information technology to source technical data and to generate and submit reports. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • When I can explain and justify my actions and procedures followed.
  • When I can explain the interaction of a steering system 's components and parts in relation to the application of the vehicle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58539   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-02-18  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  64549   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Body Repair  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  78525   Further Education and Training Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    2. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    3. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    4. Buscor 
    5. Central Competent Centre (Pty) Ltd (BLOEMFONTEIN) (TP) 
    6. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    7. DON-DER TRUCK REPAIRS TRUST 
    8. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    9. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    10. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    11. First Car Care (Pty) Ltd T/A STi Autobody Repairers (GOODWOOD) (TP) 
    12. Imperial Technical Training Academy (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    13. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    14. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    15. KwaZulu Automotive Training Services cc (KZN) (DURBAN) (TP) 
    16. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    17. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    18. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    19. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    20. Nissan SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    21. PUTCO Pty Ltd 
    22. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    23. SG Coal (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    24. Shukela Training Centre 
    25. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    26. The Automobile Association of South Africa NPC T/A The AA Technical College(MIDRAND) (TP) 
    27. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    28. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    29. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    30. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    31. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    32. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.