SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate understanding of solid, liquid and gas transfer equipment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244070  Demonstrate understanding of solid, liquid and gas transfer equipment 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to explain solid, liquid and gas transfer equipment in a processing environment.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Explain the application of pumps in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of pump types.
  • Explain the application of gas transfer equipment in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of simple compressors.
  • Explain the application of bulk solids handling equipment in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of bulk solids handling equipment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence against numeracy and literacy at ABET Level 3 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • The typical context of this unit standard includes any processing environment, for example chemical, minerals or beverage processing.
  • Range statements, which are applicable to the unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria are found beneath the applicable assessment criteria. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the application of pumps in process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types of pumps and their process applications are described as applicable to operational procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The range of pumps includes centrifugal, reciprocating and rotary pumps.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The advantages and disadvantages of different pump types are explained in terms of process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Symbols used to indicate pumps are used in freehand drawings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Indicators and reasons for poor pump performance are described in terms of process applications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The reasons include electric faults, bearing failure, fluid temperature, low feed tank level, fluid composition, cavitations, mechanical problems, corrosion, leaking seals.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Drive equipment and equipment used to transfer power to pumps, compressors and materials transfer equipment are explained in terms of process applications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The range of power equipment includes electric-, diesel- and turbine motors. The range of power transfer equipment includes gearboxes, direct-, chain- and belt drives.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Safety features and equipment are explained in terms of operational procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the operating principles of pump types. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Pump types include centrifugal, reciprocating and rotary pumps. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Components of pumps are identified in terms of operational procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Components include suction line, discharge line, casing, impeller, blades, pump shaft, piston.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Elementary working principles of pumps are described in terms of operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Elementary pump system configurations are identified and explained as applicable to process applications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Configurations include feed tank, suction line, discharge line, return line, standby pump, and motor with switchgear and block valves.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Freehand drawings of simple pump configurations are made and described according to instructions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the application of gas transfer equipment in process applications. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Gas transfer equipment includes centrifugal and reciprocating compressors, fans, blowers and ventilators. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types of gas transfer equipment are described as applicable to process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The applications for gas transfer equipment are described as applicable to operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The advantages and disadvantages of centrifugal and reciprocating compressors are explained as applicable to the process industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Symbols used for gas transfer equipment are identified in process diagrams. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Indicators and reasons for poor equipment performance are identified and described in terms of process applications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reasons include electric faults, bearing failure, gas temperature, gas composition, cavitations, mechanical problems, corrosion, leaking seals.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the operating principles of simple compressors. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Compressors included are a basic centrifugal- and reciprocating compressor. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Components of compressors are identified as applicable to operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Elementary working principles of compressors are described in terms of operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A freehand drawing of a simple configuration for a compressor system is made and explained according to instructions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Configuration includes compressor, gas inlet, knockout drum, suction line, discharge line, bypass line, block valves and motor.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    High-pressure safety devices are identified and their purpose described in accordance with operational procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safety devices include spillback lines, relief valves (RVs), safety valves (SVs), bursting discs, trips and alarms.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the application of bulk solids handling equipment in process applications. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Bulk solids handling equipment includes belt-, screw- and pneumatic conveyors, chutes, bucket elevators, bins, silos, hoppers and reclamation equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The purpose of bulk solids handling equipment is described in terms of process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The application of different equipment types in bulk solids handling is described in accordance with process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Advantages and disadvantages of belt-, screw- and pneumatic conveyors are explained in terms of process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Freehand drawings of simple bulk solids handling equipment system configurations are made and explained according to instructions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Configurations include loading chutes, product outlet, slopes, elevation angles, changes in slope, and changes in direction.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the operating principles of bulk solids handling equipment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Bulk solids handling equipment includes belt-, screw- and pneumatic conveyors, chutes, bucket elevators, bins, silos, hoppers and reclamation equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Main components of materials handling equipment are identified according to operational procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Elementary working principles of bulk solids handling equipment are described in terms of process applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Indicators and reasons for poor equipment performance are described as applicable to process applications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reasons include electric faults, bearing failure, overloading, off-centre loading, mechanical problems, alignment, corrosion, spillage and leakage.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Safety features used in equipment are explained in terms of operational procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 1 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions is required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners understand and can:
  • Explain the application of pumps in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of pump types.
  • Explain the application of gas transfer equipment in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of simple compressors.
  • Explain the application of bulk solids handling equipment in process applications.
  • Describe the operating principles of bulk solids handling equipment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying the indicators and reasons for poor pump and equipment performance.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the application of gas transfer equipment in process applications. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Analysing transfer equipment configurations.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information when:
  • Studying the basic working principles and safety features of pumps, compressors and materials handling equipment and applying this knowledge to daily activities.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Making freehand drawings of a range of symbols to indicate pumps and related transfer equipment.
  • Making freehand drawings of simple equipment configurations related to the transfer of solid, liquid and gas transfer.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome/s:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the application of pumps in process applications.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the operating principles of pump types.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the application of bulk solids handling equipment in process applications.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the operating principles of bulk solids handling equipment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by:
  • Recognising that solid, liquid and gas transfer equipment do not exist in isolation.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Terms and definitions.
  • Process means the manufacturing process where a product is manufactured using machinery and equipment with limited guidance or control from the learner
  • Process and operating specifications means the measurements and indications of all variables monitored during operations including temperatures, pressures, speed, flow rates, power consumption, noise, vibration and visual indicators. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  66029   General Education and Training Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.