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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand the principles of physics related to heat and thermal energy and its application in a processing environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244066  Understand the principles of physics related to heat and thermal energy and its application in a processing environment 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who demonstrate competence as described in the outcomes of this unit standard will be able to understand thermal energy principles and its application in the process industry.

The qualifying learner is able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of energy and the environmental principles related to energy.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of temperature, temperature scales and the application of temperature measurement and control in a process environment.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of thermal energy, the factors affecting it and its application in a process environment.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of heat, sources of heat, the conservation of heat, heat transfer and its application in a process environment.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the phases of matter, latent heat, evaporation and its application in a process environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this unit standard will have demonstrated competence against numeracy and literacy at ABET Level 3 or equivalent. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical context of this unit standard includes any processing environment, for example chemical, minerals or beverage processing.

    Range statements, which are applicable to the unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria, are included in the applicable assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of energy and the environmental principles related to energy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different forms of energy are defined using scientific terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Energy forms include but are not limited to kinetic energy, potential energy, thermal energy, chemical energy, nuclear energy, electrical energy, gravitational energy and mechanical energy.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Concepts related to thermal energy are defined using scientific terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Concepts include but are not limited to thermal energy, temperature and heat.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The concepts of renewable and non-renewable energy sources are explained using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy are compared in terms of cost, efficiency and sustainability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of energy conservation is motivated in terms of processing applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Opportunities to conserve energy are identified and motivated in terms of the processing environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of temperature and the measurement thereof. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of temperature is explained using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Temperature measurement methods are discussed in terms of scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Different temperature scales, symbols and their origins are explained in terms of scientific principles and terminology. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Temperature scales include Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Reference points on each of the temperature scales are indicated and are used to explain the correlation between the different temperature scales. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Process examples are used to explain the measurement and the control of temperature in a process environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of thermal energy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concepts of thermal energy and specific heat are explained using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Factors affecting the thermal energy of a liquid or a solid object are explained in terms of scientific principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors include the temperature, mass and the specific heat of the material.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The SI units for expressing thermal energy and heat are defined and explained using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Process examples are used to explain heating and cooling methods used in a process environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of heat. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of heat and the "Law of Conservation of Energy" are explained in terms of scientific principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Sources of heat are explained with the assistance of examples from the processing industry. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sources include but are not limited to combustion, chemical reactions, mechanical, nuclear reaction, heat exchange and electrical.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Heat flow to or from a liquid or a solid object is explained in terms of the three heat transfer methods. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Heat transfer methods include conduction, convection and radiation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Details of heat transfer methods used in a process environment are explained with the assistance of examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the phases of matter. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different phases of matter and melting, freezing, evaporation and condensation temperatures are discussed using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Latent heat of fusion and vaporisation are explained in terms of scientific principles and using scientific terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Factors impacting on the evaporation rate of a liquid are discussed in terms of scientific principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Factors should include but are not limited to temperature, type of liquid, pressure, surface area of the liquid and concentration of substance in the vapour phase.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Industry examples are used to explain applications of melting, freezing, evaporation and condensation in a process environment to achieve different objectives. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 1 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions is required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Qualifying learners understand and can explain:
  • Energy and the environmental principles related to energy.
  • The concept of temperature, temperature scales and the application of temperature measurement and control in a process environment.
  • The concept of thermal energy, the factors affecting it and its application in a process environment.
  • The concept of heat, sources of heat, the conservation of heat, heat transfer and its application in a process environment.
  • The phases of matter, latent heat, evaporation and its application in a process environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in the following areas, which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made:
  • Energy conservation opportunities are identified.
  • The correlation between different temperature scales is correctly interpreted.
  • Relevant examples of process applications are identified.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage himself and his activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Scientific concepts are systematically organised.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Displaying a logical framework of physics models and principles.
  • Obtaining process industry examples.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations during:
  • Use of scientific terminology.
  • Explanation of laws and principles of physics.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems. This is evident in:
  • Interpreting fundamental physics principles in terms of the process industry applications.
  • Incorporating environmental principles in point of view.

    Refer to all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.
  • Opportunities to conserve energy at home are identified.

    Refer to the following Specific Outcome:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of energy and the environmental principles related to energy. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terms and definitions:
  • Energy conservation; The practice of increasing the efficiency of use of energy in order to achieve higher useful output for the same energy consumption. Being energy efficient.
  • Law of Conservation of Energy; The law states that energy can be converted from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  66029   General Education and Training Certificate: Chemical Operations  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.