SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of the legislation and regulations that are necessary for the exportation of perishable produce 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243892  Demonstrate knowledge of the legislation and regulations that are necessary for the exportation of perishable produce 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Secondary Agriculture: Processing 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Secondary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Appreciate the positive contribution that the exportation of perishable products has on the South African economy.
  • Gain an insight into the various role players in the perishable product industry.
  • Describe the perishable product supply chain and the functions of each of the components.
  • Understand the regulatory functions of the relevant export legislation and regulations.
  • Recognise the unique requirements of special markets and the routes to access these. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in Mathematical Literacy and Communication at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Outline the background of the perishable produce export industry in South Africa. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The background includes but is not limited to:
  • Historical, economic benefits, employment, foreign investment, social upliftment, port source (inland), single channel marketing, former control boards, deregulation, export registration requirements. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An overview of the history of the perishable produce exporting industry is outlined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The economic benefits that are derived from the exportation of perishable produce are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The contribution that the export industry makes in the provision of employment and the resultant social upliftment is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The development of the single channel marketing system and the role that it played in the exportation of perishable products are related. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The composition and functions of the former control boards are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The impact that deregulation has had on the perishable produce export industry is detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The advent of inland ports and the effects that these have on the exportation of perishable produce is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The perishable produce exportation and the bodies to whom registration has to be made, are detailed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The registration requirements include but are not limited to:
  • PPECB registration, Department of Agriculture registration, cold storage registration, road motor transportation registration, ship and container registration.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the supply chain and the role-players in the perishable produce export industry in South Africa. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The supply chain and role players include but are not limited to:
  • Perishable produce exporters (PPE), farm-to-fork process, producers, pack houses, supply routes, export agents, transport, modes of transport, cold storage, Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), Perishable Products Export Control Board (PPECB), Department of Agriculture. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The "farm to fork" supply chain and the role-players that participate in the PPE are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relationship and functions that the various role-players perform in the export process are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The supply routes that the various perishable products have to the export markets are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The role that export agents perform in the perishable produce industry is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The modes of transport that are utilised in the conveyance of perishable produce are detailed and the role and interaction of each of these is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The modes of transport include but are not limited to:
  • Air, road, rail, sea.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The assistance that the Department of Trade and Industry affords the export industry and the benefits that may accrue from maintaining a relationship with this department are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The functions of the Perishable Products Export Control Board (PPECB) are described and the role that it plays in ensuring quality assurance in the industry is outlined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The interaction that the Department of Agriculture has with the producers and exporters of perishable produce is described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify the role of the Agricultural Products Standards 119 Act of 1990 in the regulation of perishable produce exportation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The role includes but is not limited to:
  • Agricultural Products Standards (APS), primary objectives of the Act, quality standards, product marking, grading procedures, offences, appeals, entrance to premises, inspection and grading, signeeship-mpact on producers, list of products offered, cost apportioning of inspections. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The primary objectives of the APS Act, in respect of the exportation of perishable produce are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The provisions of the APS Act that ensure maintenance of quality standards for perishable produce that is destined for export are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The provisions include but are not limited to:
  • Integration of international standards, quality assurance, quality control, Quality Management Systems, protect SA exports, formulate regulations, imposition of restrictions, regulate inspection methods.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The ways in which the APS Act serves to encourage the adoption of quality management systems is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The provisions of the APS Act that concern the formulation of regulations for the protection of the South African perishable produce industry are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The intention of the various restrictions that are imposed by the Act are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The ways in which the Act serves to regulate the inspection and grading of perishable produce destined for export are outlined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The provisions in the Act regarding standardisation of product marking and the intentions thereof are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The various offences that are contained in the Act are related and the implications of these to potential exporters are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The impact that the asigneeship has on producers, is described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    The methods by which the cost apportioning of inspections is levied, is related. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Identify the role of the PPECB Act 9 of 1983 in the regulation of perishable produce exportation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The role includes but is not limited to:
  • Primary objectives of the PPECB act, confirm powers of the board, protection for SA's export markets, control export conditions, assign powers of inspection, port facilities and handling of exports, formulate palletising regulations, apportionment of levies, regulate logistical exportation functions. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The primary objectives of the PPECB Act, in respect of the regulation and control of export shipments, are detailed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The primary objectives include but are not limited to:
  • Provide uniformity of export conditions, set standards to meet international needs, facilitate logistical services, inspect and certify vessels, RRMTs and cold stores, monitoring of the cold chain, set export levies, ensure bio-security, minimize export claims/losses.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The provisions of the Act that confirm the jurisdiction and powers of the PPECB are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The provisions of the Act that assign powers of inspection to PPECB assignees and the areas in which they have jurisdiction are detailed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The areas but are not limited to:
  • Facilities, containers, vessels, RRMTs, aircraft, any associated export equipment.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The manner in which the control of export conditions serves to provide protection for SA's export markets, is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The provisions of the Act that serve to regulate the conditions of shipment and the types of containment for exportation of perishable produce, are outlined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The provisions of the Act that concern the regulation and quality control of port facilities and handling of exports, are related. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The provisions of the Act regarding the formulation of palletising regulations, are outlined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The provisions of the Act that provide for the apportionment of levies for export services, are related. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The provisions of the Act that serve to co-ordinate the logistical functions that surround the exportation of perishable produce, are detailed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The logistical functions include but are not limited to:
  • Inspection bookings, certification of exporters, shipping, transport, other allied regulations.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Outline the influence that special market requirements have on exports. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The special market requirements include but are not limited to:
  • International standards, protocols, EU 1148, bi-lateral agreements, phytosanitary requirements, Codex Alimentarius, registration and certification requirements. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The avenues through which exporters and producers source the latest international market requirements and standards are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The need to keep abreast with various international standards, to fully exploit export opportunities is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The role that protocols play in securing international exports and the importance that adherence to the provisions of these agreements has on sustaining trade relations, is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of the EU 1148 standards is explained and the proportion of SA's exports that must comply to these standards is indicated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The role that bi-lateral agreements play in facilitating inter-country exports and the positive impact these agreements have on SA's exports are detailed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The variability of the phytosanitary requirements that are set by different regions and countries, and the impact that this has on the production, post harvest treatment and inspection of produce is related. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The necessity of all fish and meat exports to comply with the international accord, Codex Alimentarius, is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The importance of obtaining registration and certification with international chain stores, to access this sector of the export market is explained. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected in the assessment criteria for each specific outcome and must be assed in its own right, through oral and written evidence. Observation cannot be the only assessment. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
  • Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively.
  • Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities.
  • Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts.
  • Exploring education and career opportunities.
  • Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by:
  • Ensuring that the latest legislation and regulations are available for inspection and usage. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    The learner is able to work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or communities by:
  • Participating with others in the verification of procedures to ensure compliance with the legislation and regulations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Following the provisions of the relevant legislation when conducting the assessment of perishable products. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner is able to collect, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Assess the export compliance of a perishable produce against the legislated standards and the tolerances that are allowed. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentation by:
  • Reporting on the status of a consignment of perishable produce and conveying the results to the relevant parties. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    The learner is able to use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Recognising the hazards that pesticides and other chemicals pose and the importance of ensuring that the maximum residual levels are not exceeded. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    The learner is able to contribute to the full personal development of themselves and the social and economic development of the society at large.
  • Evident in all Specific Outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The Learner:
  • Is expected to perform the specific outcomes reflected in this unit standard without direct supervision.
  • Should have access to work site procedures.
  • Should demonstrate an application of ethics and values.
  • Must apply basic principles of general safety and customer care.
  • Should demonstrate an awareness of the expectations and obligations of basic employee/employer relations including industrial relations principles.

    At this level the communication/reporting of issues arising in the workplace, is embedded in the specific outcomes and the related assessment criteria.

    It is understood that, due to the nature of the work environment and the skills level of the Learner, that the aspects of teamwork form an integral part of the necessary specific outcomes and related assessment criteria.

    The points included under the notes, should be included when the qualifying Learners are being assessed. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58350   Further Education and Training Certificate: Perishable Produce Exportation  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Elective  96401   National Certificate: Export Administration  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.