SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14611  Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2006-09-05  2009-06-17  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-06-17   2013-06-17  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
264372  Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner will be able to identify, observe and react to colour-light signals/indicators/boards in specific rail environment. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Utilise semaphore signals/indicators for rail movement on single lines - NQF level 3
Utilise semaphore signals/indicators for rail movement on double lines - NQF level 3. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The level assigned to this standard is appropriate because performance must be carried out:
  • under different weather conditions
  • during day and night time,
  • in different yards, stations and sections,
  • within a specific time span
  • under normal and abnormal circumstances

    This standard is exclusive of:
  • token methods of train working, for example Van Schoor, Wooden Train Staff and Paper Ticket, Telegraph Order, Track Warrant and Radio Train Order systems and Pilot working.

    This standard is inclusive of:
  • water, warning and whistle boards and any other boards announced from time to time in the train working rules. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the particular colour-light signals/indicators/boards. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Identify the particular colour-light signals/indicators/boards and the location thereof on various railway lines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The colour-light signals/indicators/boards are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The locations (where erected) of colour-light signals/indicators/boards are identified. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Observe the different colour-light signalling aspects on different railway lines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The aspects of colour-light signals are observed according to train working rules, e.g. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
  • Danger position
  • All right position - meanings linked to multi aspects.
  • Caution position - meanings linked to multi aspects. 

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Adhere to the aspects of colour-light signals/indicators on different railway lines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The aspects of colour-light signals are adhered to. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
  • Single lens aspects
  • Multi aspects
  • One and two position light shunt signals. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The route/direction indicator(s) are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Comply with POSMOR and related train working rules to perform safe movement on rail. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Comply with POSMOR and related train working rules to perform safe movement on rail within the colour-light environment. (Principles of save movement on rail). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. POSMOR are complied with to perform safe movement on rail within colour-light signals/indicators/boards environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Related train working rules are complied with to perform safe movement on rail within colour-light signals/indicators/boards environment. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. An individual wishing to be assessed against this standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provided institution that has been accredited by the relevant ETQA.
    2. A learner specialising in Rail Operations through this elective standard will be assessed by an assessor who has been certified as competent against the National Certificate in Rail Operations - NQF level 5, which must include this standard.
    3. A learner specialising in Train Driving through this elective standard will be assessed by an assessor who has been certified as competent against the National Certificate in Train Driving NQF level 4, which must include this standard.
    4. Any assessor and training provider must ensure that the relevant company specific procedures/rules are used as reference material when designing courseware, assessment or when selecting pre-designed assessments.
    5. Anyone assessing a learner against this standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant TRANSPORT SETA - ETQA.
    6. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this standard must be registered and accredited as a provider at SAQA.
    7. Moderation of assessment will be done by the relevant ETQA as prescribed. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain:

    1. Principles and theory of the colour-light signalling system for the purpose of safe movements.
    2. POSMOR and related specific company instructions relevant to semaphore signalling/indicator systems.
    3. Relevant elements of OHS Act, Act 85 of 1993.
    4. Protocols of two-way communications to facilitate safe movement on rail.
    5. Layout of yards/stations/section(s). 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem-solving
    Learners have acquired the generic ability to solve problems by critically evaluating signals/indicators and situations on colour-light signalled lines in order to execute safe movement of rail vehicles. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Team work
    Learners have acquired the generic ability to work together in a team for the safe movement of rail vehicles under normal and abnormal circumstances (by observing the operated signals and their aspects) [position and reaction of the signal(s)]. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of science and technology
    Learners have acquired the generic ability to use science and technology to effectively control movement by utilising and observing signals/indicators (applying approved signalling and communication systems - signals/hand signals/walkie-talkies. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems
    Learners have acquired the generic ability to understand that the operational environment includes a set of related systems (by observing the operated signals and their aspects) [position and reaction of the signal(s). 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard , which is "Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement", Level 4, 18 credits.

    ASSESSMENT PROCESS

    When conducting assessment, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text of the unit standards being assessed.

    They must ensure that assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge.

    Each environment/situation will be different, it will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the context in which the assessment will take place.


    METHOD OF ASSESSMENT

    During formal training at the provider:
    1. Written tests
    2. Case studies.
    3. Simulation

    During on the job training:
    1. Oral test
    2. Observations
    3. Case studies.

    Integrated final on the job assessment:
    1. Observation
    2. Oral tests
    3. Case studies

    In the Rail Operations environment it will be more effective to assess a number of unit standards together and the assessor must evaluate each assessment request to determine the grouping of the standards for assessment.

    The assessment must integrate a number of different methods. (Example: When equipment, communication and train movements are normal the integrated assessment will be based on normal working. The abnormal working assessment will then be based on a case study (simulation) or when the abnormal working is in operation during the assessment period, the normal working assessment will be a case study (simulation). This will give the assessor reliable and valid proof of competence and evidence of required attitudes and skills.

    The integrated assessment must take place in the environment where the learner will work independently on completion of final assessment.

    Valid, reliable and authentic evidence (presented as a portfolio of evidence) from past achievements and experience may serve to supplement the assessment of applied competence. The portfolio should include, inter alia:
    1. Written statements from persons (e.g. current and/or previous employer, colleague, peer, manager, external customers) confirming competence of the learner.
    2. Relevant certificates or awards.
    3. Previous assessment records.
    4. Journal (Logbook).

    ACCREDITATION MECHANISMS
    1. An individual wishing to be assessed against this standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provided institution that has been accredited by the relevant ETQA.
    2. A learner specialising in Rail Operations through this elective standard will be assessed by an assessor who has been certified as competent against the National Certificate in Rail Operations - NQF level 5, which must include this standard.
    3. A learner specialising in Train Driving through this elective standard will be assessed by an assessor who has been certified as competent against the National Certificate in Train Driving NQF level 4, which must include this standard.
    4. Any assessor and training provider must ensure that the relevant company specific procedures/rules are used as reference material when designing courseware, assessment or when selecting pre-designed assessments.
    5. Anyone assessing a learner against this standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant TRANSPORT SETA - ETQA.
    6. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this standard must be registered and accredited as a provider at SAQA.
    7. Moderation of assessment will be done by the relevant ETQA as prescribed.

    VALUES
    In addition the following values should be demonstrated:
  • Safety consciousness
  • Decisiveness
  • Co-operation
  • Sense of urgency (within limits)
  • Judgement
  • Assertiveness
  • Responsibility
  • Trustworthiness
  • Integrity
  • Sobriety
  • Quality consciousness

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

    Definition: The objective of colour-light signals, which is equipped with route or direction indicators, is to control train and shunting movements and afford protection against conflicting movements.
    Definition: Railway lines includes uni-, bi-directional lines, twin single lines, single- and double lines inside and/or outside a CTC area (Centralised Traffic Control).

    POSMOR: Principles of Safe Movement on Rail (POSMOR) includes the following:
  • a defined track for movement,
  • defined track must be clear
  • stopping at limit of authority
  • authority for movement received by licensed persons,
  • adhering to speed instructions and track side indicators,
  • being protected, secured and standing clear while stationary,
  • preventing conflicting movement,
  • personnel must be fit for duty and
  • being alert, vigilant and assessing surroundings.

    Abnormal circumstances: Abnormal circumstances embrace all defective/missing/incorrect positioning and malfunctioning of colour-light signalling. Authority to pass signals at danger will be applicable to the specific operating environment and company procedures.

    Certification: Must be endorsed to reflect company specific requirements. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23893   National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-06-17  Was TETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49795   National Certificate: Rail Construction and Maintenance  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. PRASA T/A Metrorail Gauteng North 
    2. PRASA T/A Metrorail Gauteng South 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.