SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of silviculture in commercial forestry 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
123240  Demonstrate knowledge of silviculture in commercial forestry 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  20 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people who control and supervise silviculture operations.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the purpose of silviculture practices in commercial forestry.
  • Explain the influence of geographical areas and climatic conditions in South Africa on commercial forestry.
  • Differentiate between the main tree genuses and species and explain their purpose in commercial forestry.
  • Explain the purpose and methods of site preparation in commercial forestry.
  • Explain planting methods and their applications.
  • Explain weeding methods and their applications.
  • Explain pruning methods and their applications.
  • Explain marking and thinning in commercial forestry.
  • Explain forest protection (Inorganic and organic).
  • Explain improved generic material and scientific advancement.
  • Explain fertilisers in commercial forestry. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the purpose of silviculture practices in commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The role of silviculture forestry is described in terms of establishment and maintenance of trees/crop to ensure good quality and quantity of timber for future use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Purpose of sound silviculture practices on limited land resources to ensure forest efficiency is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Silviculture practices are explained in relation sound environmental practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The purpose of site-species matching to ensure forest efficiency is explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the influence of geographical areas and climatic conditions in South Africa on commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Geographical areas in South Africa are identified and there influence on tree growth explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different climatic conditions in South Africa are described and their influence on tree growth explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Annual rainfall, average annual temperature, prevailing wind direction and speed, type of rain, snow and frost.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tree growth is described in terms of geographical and climatic influences. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tree growth within the region familiar to the learner.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Differentiate between the main tree genuses and explain their purpose in commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different genuses used in commercial forestry in South Africa are identified according to their most common usage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different species grown in a specified region are identified according to their most common usage. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Within the region familiar to the learner.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Site-species matching for local planted species are explained according to silviculture requirements for those species. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Altitude, Soil type, Climate, Soil depth.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the purpose and methods of site preparation methods in commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose for site preparation in commercial forestry is explained in terms of impact on optimal tree growth. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Preparation methods are described as per regional and company standards and prescriptions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Application of a specific preparation method is explained to ensure the best tree growth. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Influence of poor site preparation methods and wrong application thereof is explained in terms of tree growth, the environment and financial implications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain planting methods and their specific applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose of planting in commercial forestry is explained according to timber demands. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Planting methods are described as practiced in the region at hand according to company standards and prescriptions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Poor planting methods and wrong application thereof are explained in terms of their effect on tree growth, the environmental and financial considerations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Application of specific planting methods are explained to ensure the best tree growth. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Explain weeding methods and their applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose of weeding in commercial forestry is explained according to silviculture practices and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Weeding methods are described as practised in the region at hand according to company standards and practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Application of a specific weeding method is explained according to company standards and prescriptions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Poor weeding practices are explained in terms of their effect on tree growth, environment and financial implications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Explain pruning methods and their applications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose of pruning is explained according to silviculture standards and practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Pruning methods are described accordingly to company standards and practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Influence of poor pruning practices is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Timber quality, over- and under pruning, cost.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 8 
    Explain marking of thinnings in commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose of thinning is explained according to good silviculture standards and practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Marking methods are explained according to company policy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Selection criteria for marking are explained according to company standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Timing of pruning and thinning operations conforms to company prescription. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Influence of poor marking is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tree growth, timber quality, tree health and financial implications.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 9 
    Explain forest protection. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Inorganic and organic. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Inorganic damage and damage caused by humans are explained in terms of causes and effect. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fire, theft, wild animals, climatic extremes, machinery, management practices.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Organic damage is explained in terms of mechanisms and effect. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fungi, insects, micro-organisms.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Preventative measures are explained in terms of company policy and legislation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 10 
    Explain improved generic material and scientific advancement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Areas of generic improvement are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Seed, clones, and cuttings.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Implications of using improved generic material and scientific advancement are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Shortened rotation, increased MAI, improved timber quality, cost saving.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Scientific advancement in silviculture is explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fertiliser, grow medium, technology and methods
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Purpose of genetic improvement and scientific advancement are explained according to future demands. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 11 
    Explain fertilisers in commercial forestry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Purpose of fertilisers is explained according to good silviculture standards and practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods of fertilising are explained according to company policy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Applications of fertilising are explained according to company policy. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team/group/organisation/community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically (showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Legislation:
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act 85 of 1993.
  • National Water Act (36 of 1998). 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50266   National Certificate: Forestry: Silviculture  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  66349   Further Education and Training Certificate: General Forestry  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. African Duchess Coutore solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    2. AGB Finance 
    3. Amagema Development Consultants cc 
    4. Amos / Kgaphamadi Community Organisation 
    5. Aniathu Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    6. AQUILA TRAINING 
    7. Asilon Trading Enterprise 
    8. Assured Vocational Skills Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    9. Bakgoni Empowerment Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    10. Big Tree Group (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Bontham Training & Agricultural Consultants 
    12. Bright Future General Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Broadway Sky Trading 
    14. BS Training Services 
    15. Cel Impilo (Pty) Ltd 
    16. Chamonix Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    17. Chippa Training Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    18. CMO Logistics Pty Ltd 
    19. Coalition Trading 1238 cc 
    20. College of Machine Operators 
    21. Cradle Stars Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Creative Minds Skills Development and Training 
    23. Cretia Training and Consultancy 
    24. CRG Group (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Dioka Business Consulting 
    26. Donnybrook Education & Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Ebotse Development and Training Centre 
    28. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    29. Elimofo Trading& Projects 
    30. ENB Training Service(PTY)Ltd 
    31. Eshet Chayil Concepts (Pty) Ltd 
    32. Ethicae Juridico Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Faithworks Development Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Fundakahle Multi-Purpose Co-operative Limited 
    35. Furniture World Training Centre 
    36. Future Discovery Training Academy CC 
    37. Futuretech Campus (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Gauteng City College 
    39. Gcinumbuso (Pty) Ltd 
    40. Gemini Stars (Pty) Ltd 
    41. GNBR Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    42. Green Enviro & Projects (Pty)Ltd 
    43. GT Design 
    44. HHO Enterprise 
    45. Hybrid Dynamics 
    46. Ideal Method Trading & Projects 
    47. Imbeleko Community Development Projects 
    48. Intselelo Community & Development Institute NPC 
    49. Intuthuko Yesizwe Community Organisation 
    50. Inyapa Vhusiku Consulting Pty Ltd 
    51. IQ Skills Academy (PTY) LTD. 
    52. Ithala Lezemfundo (Pty) Ltd 
    53. Khathini Communications & Development (Pty) Ltd 
    54. Kusabelele Investments 
    55. Kwamahlati Training Services cc 
    56. Lauba Artisan Developers (Pty) Ltd 
    57. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    58. Lembede Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    59. Lens Plumbers 
    60. Letaba TVET College 
    61. Lisakhanya Skills Development Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    62. LLSM (Pty) Ltd 
    63. Longata Consultant 
    64. Lottenburg Edu-Farm 
    65. Lungile Mchunu Consultancy (Pty) Ltd 
    66. Maab Training Management ( Pty) Ltd 
    67. Malitinne (Pty) Ltd 
    68. Mantombana Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    69. MARGER TRAINING AND PROTERTIES (PTY) LTD 
    70. Mavco Engineering (Pty) Ltd 
    71. Maxlen Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    72. Mberwana Trading Enterprise 
    73. Mbova Multi Services cc 
    74. Mearnsii Trading cc 
    75. Mgadaveni Training Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    76. MHLAMBANYATHI GROUP PTY ( LTD) 
    77. Mlasimbi Catering Primary Co-operative Limited 
    78. MMBG Trading & Consulting 
    79. Morito Diphateng Projects & Services 
    80. Morongwa Consulting Services (Pty) Ltd 
    81. MPACT 
    82. Mphahle Consultancy (Pty) Ltd 
    83. Nchuncheko Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    84. NEW AFRICA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT 
    85. New Business Initiative Management Consultancy 
    86. Ngcebo Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    87. Ngwekazi Multi-Services (Pty) Ltd 
    88. NokushoM Consultancy & Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    89. Nolwazi Dev Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    90. Nomazi Project & Supplies 
    91. Nomzumbe Trading & Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    92. Nosino Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    93. Nqothu Projects (PTY) LTD 
    94. Nteko Investments 
    95. Ntunzela Trading Enterprise 
    96. Ntuthuko Projects & Services 
    97. Nurtured Minds Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    98. Oyama Kulwazi Training & Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    99. Pesac Professional Training (Pty) Ltd 
    100. Phambile Skills Training (Pty) Ltd 
    101. Phetho Concepts (Pty) Ltd 
    102. Pinus Tech Technologies Trading and Projects 
    103. Platorand Training Centre 
    104. PMV Destiny Skills Training and Development (Pty) Ltd 
    105. Prempie Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    106. Prispiri (Pty) Ltd 
    107. Professional Development and Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    108. Rally Business Consulting PTY LTD 
    109. RJM Investments 
    110. Royal Express 
    111. S Squared Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    112. Safe Heavens Properties (Pty) Ltd 
    113. Seacrest Investments 156 (Pty) Ltd 
    114. SEJ Skills Academy Pty Ltd 
    115. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    116. SIMAMA Training and Business Services 
    117. Singisi Forest Products Pty Ltd 
    118. Snyawunywu Poultry Farming (Pty) Ltd 
    119. South African Forestry Training College 
    120. Spear of African Woman in Agriculture & Rural Development 
    121. Success Media Skills & Training Services 
    122. Sunrise Skills Training 
    123. Talent Sculpure Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    124. TBL Empowerment Hub 
    125. Tent and Gazebo (Pty) Ltd 
    126. ThabileTrade 1054 cc 
    127. Thunderflex3 Pty (Ltd) 
    128. TIBZA Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    129. Tirhani SkillsTraining Pty Ltd 
    130. Tiriso Investments 
    131. TN Development Projects Management & Training (Pty) Ltd 
    132. Tommy Phiri Labour Relations and Training Services 
    133. Train Learn and Develop Ltd 
    134. Transvaal Training 
    135. TRY EASY ELECTRICAL SOLUTIONS 
    136. Ubucubu Home Industries 
    137. Udumo Training & Develoment (Pty) Ltd 
    138. Ukubhukuda Trading & Projects 165 
    139. UL Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    140. Umbuso Training Services 
    141. Umgano Foundation (NPC) 
    142. Umlozi Skills Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    143. Value at Hand (Pty) Ltd 
    144. VCK Training and Technical Services Pty Ltd 
    145. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    146. Velenkosini Multiskills and Catering 
    147. Verge (Pty) Ltd 
    148. Vicmat Consultants 
    149. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    150. Wal Training (Pty) Ltd 
    151. Warona Owethu Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    152. Wilratty Consultants (Pty) Ltd 
    153. Womens Leadership & Empowerment Initiative 
    154. World Pace Development & Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    155. Xhamela Development Services 
    156. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.