SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Provide lightning and power protection for structures or equipment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
12313  Provide lightning and power protection for structures or equipment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Telecommunications 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  24 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2002-10-09  2005-10-09  SAQA 0144/02 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2006-10-09   2009-10-09  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard focuses on the field of Customer Premises Equipment (CPE).

A learner credited with this unit standard is capable of:
  • Planning the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment
  • Design the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment
  • Preparing the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment
  • Conducting the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment
  • Concluding the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner within the Telecommunications environment, more specifically within CPE by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for upliftment, social and economic transformation in the Telecommunications environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The learning assumed to be in place should be on the same level of this unit standard or higher.
  • Communication and Language Studies.
  • Mathematics and Numeracy, Sciences.
  • Computer literacy.
  • Lighting protection and earthing.
  • Electrical principles.
  • Industrial electronics. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical scope of this unit standard includes but is not limited to:
  • Power equipment
  • Electronic equipment
  • Telecommunication equipment

    The context of this unit standard is performed within structures where stationery, transportation, support structure, communication media, employer`s policies and procedures, cultural ethics, business ethics, work environment, professional conduct, test instrumentation, tools, human resources, customer, material, equipment, quality standards, SABS and international standards, anti-static procedures are applicable.

    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the learner:
  • Has basic knowledge of some main areas of a discipline/field.
  • Has basic understanding of a discipline/field`s key term, rules, concepts, principles and theories.
  • Is familiar with some of the essential methods, procedures and techniques of the discipline/field.
  • Has the ability to use the above to solve routine problems within given frameworks.
  • Has a basic information gathering, analysis and presentation skill.
  • Has the ability to communicate information reliably and accurately in the required medium of instruction.
  • Has the capacity to operate within clearly defined contexts, with limited scope for personal decision-making and responsibility.
  • Learn within a well-structured and managed environment.
  • Evaluate own performance against given criteria. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan for the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Site, protection request and type of equipment to be protected are identified according to job order. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Protection specifications, impedance and resistance of structure and equipment are determined according to equipment characteristics (voltage, bandwidth, frequency, impedance, and mode of operation). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Site is inspected, soil-resistance and existing protection is tested according to employer's policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Risk assessment is determined according to international standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Role-players are consulted according to employer's policies, procedures and international standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Design the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Earth electrodes system is designed according to Type A (crows foot) and Type B (ring earth) configuration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The impedance of the earthing system is achieved by designing an earth electrode with high capacitance and low inductance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Artificial enhancement requirements and cost of design is determined according to installation requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Corrosion factors are considered according to the moist content of the soil and the conductor material bonded together. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. External and internal lightning protection system for a structure, with or without reinforcing, is designed according to international standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Structure is zoned according to the electromagnetic environment and surge protection is designed according to equipment withstand characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Tools and material are identified according to job requirement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Cost of protection against installation is determined according to the type of equipment, down time, customer satisfaction, and lost opportunities. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare for the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Test equipment, tools and material is obtained and human resources are scheduled according to the job requirement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Role-players are consulted according to employer's policies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Conduct the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Human resources are monitored according to allocation of tasks and role-players are consulted according to employer's policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Earthing is installed according to Type A or B configuration requirements and artificial enhancement is installed according to installation environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. External and internal protection is provided and cables are routed according to international standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Grounding is installed according to the star and/or meshed network configuration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Screening and shielding of cables is provided according to electromagnetic interference minimization requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Bonding is provided according to equipotential requirements and graded protection is provided according to electronic equipment withstand characteristics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Equipotential platform is installed according to the voltage differential elimination requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Static control is provided according to the electromagnetic sensitivity of the electronic environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Conclude the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Post-testing of protection is conducted, site is restored to original state, role-players are given feedback and documentation is completed according to employer's policies and procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation options:
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an Assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.

    Moderation Option:
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Skills, Knowledge and Understanding:
  • Apply oral and written communication when liasing with customer.
  • Compile documentation when designing and installing an integrated protective system.
  • Apply decision-making and problem solving skills before and during installations.
  • Demonstrate understanding of product facilities and operations.
  • Follow employer`s policies and procedures.
  • Reach agreement with the customer through negotiation.
  • Facilitate co-operation between role-players.
  • Apply low current electrical principles during installations.
  • Apply faultfinding procedures during installations.
  • Utilise test instrumentation during testing procedures.
  • Process engineering material during installations.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the correct use of tools.
  • Demonstrate basic computer literacy.
  • Demonstrate mathematical skills.
  • Demonstrate project management principles. 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify barriers pertaining to the installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment and developed strategies to overcome them. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with customer in order to ensure that installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment is agreed upon and that customer`s requirements are met. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Manage activities in terms of planning, designing, preparing, conducting and concluding installation of lightning and power protection for structures or equipment effectively to ensure an accurate and professional service delivery. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Be culturally sensitive across a range of social contexts when consulting customers. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate the functionality of the installed protection. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Achieve an integrated protection network. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Ensure that the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgments should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the Assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means Assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.
  • Requirements for a portfolio are that it should be valid, reliable and authentic evidence (presented as a portfolio of evidence) from past achievements and experience, which serves to supplement the assessment of applied competence.

    The portfolio may include:
  • Written statements from persons (e.g. current and/or previous employer, colleague, peer, manager, external customers) confirming competence of the learner
  • Relevant certificates or awards
  • Previous assessment records
  • Journals/logbook. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Legal Requirements

    Compliance to the following legal requirements and standards are mandatory:
  • Employer`s Policies and Procedures
  • Environmental Management System
  • Independent Communications Authority of South Africa.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act.
  • National and International Standards.
  • Local Metropolitan Council Regulations. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  59057   Further Education and Training Certificate: Telecommunication Network Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. TELKOM SA SOC LTD 
    2. Tira Telecoms 
    3. Triple Play Fibre Optic Solutions 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.