SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Grind rails of various profiles and grades 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120445  Grind rails of various profiles and grades 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02  13 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for a learner within the fabrication and welding fields. Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to grind rails of various profiles and grades by means of the relevant rail grinding equipment safely and to a high degree of accuracy in accordance with required quality specifications and standards.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Identify, select and use of the correct equipment, tools and material.
  • Operational testing of equipment.
  • Planning and preparing for grinding.
  • Identifying rail types.
  • Grinding rails.
  • Dealing with unforeseen circumstances during the grinding operation.
  • Removing equipment from rail after the grinding process. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1

    The unit standard:
  • "Care for, select and use hand and measuring tools" 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Performance must be carried out:
  • In different weather conditions
  • During day and night time
  • In different yard layouts/mainline/siding/shed/workshop (might or might not include overhead traction)
  • Within a specific time span
  • Under hazardous conditions

    This unit standard is inclusive of all types of rail structures.
    This unit standard is exclusive of non-ferrous metals.
    This unit standard is inclusive of all IC-electric and hydraulic-driven rail grinding equipment. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan and prepare resources and equipment prior to the grinding of rails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools, equipment and consumables are identified, selected and verified for specific welding activities in accordance with company specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Equipment can include, but is non-limited to personal protective, fire fighting, and first aid equipment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Operation of relevant machines and equipment is checked and tested correctly according to company specific procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Relevant tools, equipment and consumables are loaded or off-loaded safely and correctly in accordance with company and legislative safety policies, procedures and instructions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Plan and prepare for the grinding of rails. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Work area is observed and assessed for accessibility and hazardous conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Hazardous conditions are identified and reacted to in accordance with company specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Specific rail structure is identified correctly. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Crossings and rails.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    On-track protection is obtained and set out correctly in accordance with set requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Perway preparatory work done is confirmed with relevant role-players. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Rail-grinding equipment is selected to suit the specific circumstances (and is prepared according to company-specific procedures and manufacturer's specifications). 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Crossings or track.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Grind rails of various profiles and grades. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Rail structures are correctly prepared in accordance with prescribed instructions and specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Grinding area on rail is marked off accurately in accordance with prescribed procedures and specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Rail-grinding equipment is placed correctly and isolation is ensured according to company specific procedures, instructions and specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Relevant rail-grinding equipment is used safely and correctly to grind rails of various profiles and grades according to company-specific procedures and manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Rail is ground accurately and safely in accordance with rail-grinding procedures and specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    All equipment is removed from rail in safely and correctly accordance with company specific procedures and manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Relevant tools, equipment, consumables and debri are removed from worksite safely and correctly in accordance with legislative and company-specific procedures and instructions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Complete the relevant technical documentation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Work orders and instructions are interpreted and understood in accordance with company's policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Information is reported to the relevant parties in line with the set standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The completed documentation is administered in accordance with company's policies and procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain:
  • Basic metallurgical principles.
  • The purpose, function and use of measuring equipment.
  • District asset diagram reading.
  • The purpose, function and operation of tools and equipment.
  • The purpose, function, identification and use of consumables.
  • Act 85 related to applicable equipment and machines used.
  • Lifting equipment (Code of Practice No 29 & 30).
  • The stowage of equipment.
  • Track Maintenance instructions, procedures and specifications related to the grinding of rails.
  • Relevant clauses of track welding specifications related to the grinding of rails.
  • Safe work procedures related to the grinding of rails.
  • Basic electricity.
  • The purpose, function and use of personal protective equipment.
  • Rail structure identification (Roll marks).
  • The parameters of limits as stated in the specification for the length and depth of defects.
  • Crack detection by non-destructive test.
  • The identification, purpose and use of specific fastenings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving

    Learners can identify and solve problems with regard to:
  • Equipment failures
  • Weather conditions
  • Equipment handling
  • Equipment availability in a specific area or circumstances
  • Correctness, quantity and quality of material
  • Overlapping of rail crowns 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork

    Learners can work effectively in teams when:
  • Working with cross-functional disciplines.
  • Handling material and equipment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-organisation and -management

    Learners can organise and manage one-self by:
  • Observing and assessing the work area to limit hazards and ensure safe working conditions for self and fellow employees.
  • Planning and organising of various activities related to the grinding of rail structures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation

    Learners can evaluate information:
  • Related to work processes and procedures.
  • When measuring the grinding area of a rail.
  • Pertaining to the height and depth of the grinding area. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication

    Learners can communicate effectively:
  • By means of verbal and written reports, and documents.
  • By receiving and giving instructions verbally and in writing.
  • With relevant parties, for example sub-ordinates, technical personnel, etc. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of Science and technology

    Learners can use science and technology by:
  • Using an electronic tachometer.
  • Performing a dye-penetrating test.
  • Controlling the speed of the rail-grinding equipment.
  • Controlling the size and metallurgic structure of the heat-affective zone. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Interrelatedness of systems

    Learners can understand that, by eliminating the dynamic effects on the track, the life span of the component and track structure is enhanced, thus contributing to the safe passage of rail traffic. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Learner and societal development

    Learners can understand the importance of:
  • Safety rules and guidelines in the usage of electrical/hydraulic equipment.
  • Working and living in a multi-cultural environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Values:
  • Safety conscientiousness
  • Time conscientiousness
  • Sobriety
  • Reliability
  • Trustworthy
  • Responsibility towards assets and equipment
  • Integrity
  • Quality conscientiousness

    Supplementary information:

    Rail vehicles include all trains and other on-track inspection and maintenance vehicles capable of travelling on railway track. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49795   National Certificate: Rail Construction and Maintenance  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.