SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Evaluate the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation as indicated by the phosphatase test 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120243  Evaluate the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation as indicated by the phosphatase test 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
9148  Evaluate the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation, as indicated by the phosphatase test  Level 3  NQF Level 03   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for anyone who works in a dairy facility and has to determine the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation by means of the phosphatase test.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of determining milk or cream pasteurisation efficiency by means of the phosphatase test.
  • Prepare for the phosphatase test on milk or cream.
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream.
  • Report on the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation in terms of the results of the phosphatase test.

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of the learner within the dairy manufacturing environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of manufacturing and assembly. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the dairy manufacturing and processing environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills:
  • Communication and mathematical literacy at NQF Level 2.
  • Knowledge of basic physics and chemistry principles at NQF Level 1. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The context of this unit standard is described in the range statements under the assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of determining milk or cream pasteurisation efficiency by means of the phosphatase test. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Phosphatase is defined according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The purpose of the phosphatase test is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of determining the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation highlights:
  • The effects of under-pasteurised milk or cream on final product quality and human health.
  • The financial implications of the above.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The principles of the phosphatase test as a quality assurance test is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation refers to:
  • Inactivation of phosphatase.
  • Re-activation of phosphatase.
  • How phosphatase indicates either efficient or inefficient pasteurisation.
  • The correlation between the phosphatase enzyme and pasteurization temperature.
  • Interpretation of the different Lovibond-readings.
  • Functions of the water bath and buffer-substrate solution.
  • Importance of sample temperature and incubation time and temperature.
  • Precautions to be taken when performing the phosphatase test.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations include:
  • Hygiene practices.
  • Wearing of protective clothing.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment is prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reagents are obtained and checked according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The sample is prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Two samples must be analysed in duplicate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The phosphatase test is performed on each sample according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment and reagents are handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The efficiency of pasteurisation for each sample is established without error. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The work area is left in a safe and clean condition according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Problems are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Report on the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation in terms of the results of the phosphatase test. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Results are recorded according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The specifications for the phosphatase test on milk and cream are identified according to legal and site-specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The results of the phosphatase test are interpreted and a conclusion is drawn on the efficiency of pasteurisation in relation to legal and site-specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Deviations from the specifications for the phosphatase test on milk or cream are explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of accurate documentation is explained according to quality assurance principles. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor or moderator respectively with the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance Body (ETQA), or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or with another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA, or by another ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal (provider-based) and external (ETQA-based) moderation of assessment, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment against this unit standard should encompass achievement of competencies described in the individual unit standard and may encompass achievement of integrated competencies with other unit standard(s).
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this unit standard may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems within scope of work.

    Specific Outcome 3
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Working in line with site-schedules.

    Specifoc outcome 3
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for the phosphatase test on milk or cream.

    Specific outcome 2
  • Prepare for the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Performing the phosphatase test on milk or cream and evaluating the results.

    Specific outcome 3, 4
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream.
  • Report on the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation in terms of the results of the phosphatase test. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Keeping records.

    Specific outcome 4
  • Report on the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation in terms of the results of the phosphatase test. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Performing the phosphatase test safely.

    Specific outcome 3
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Specific outcome 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Demonstrate an understanding of determining milk or cream pasteurisation efficiency by means of the phosphatase test.
  • Prepare for the phosphatase test on milk or cream.
  • Perform the phosphatase test on milk or cream.
  • Report on the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation in terms of the results of the phosphatase test. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 9148, 'Evaluate the efficiency of milk or cream pasteurisation, as indicated by the phosphatase test', level 3, 4 credits.

    Supplementary Information:
  • Industry specific requirements:

    The standard for pasteurised milk and cream is a negative phosphatase test.
  • Legal requirements:

    Where applicable, the following acts, current and future regulations and amendments should be considered:Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, No. 54 of 1972,Health Act, No 63 of 1977,Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993,Other industry specific Acts.

    Where applicable, the following International and National Standards should be considered:SANS 1049 - Food Hygiene Management,SANS 10330 - Requirements for a HACCP system,ISO 22000 - Food safety management systems-Requirements for organisations throughout the food chain,ISO 9001 - Quality Management System - Requirements.

    Definition of terms within this unit standard:
  • Terminology: Standard operating procedures.
  • Clarification/explanation/ definition: Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal safety and food safety practices and procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, applicable legislation, time frames, recipes and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50024   National Certificate: Dairy Primary Processing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-12-02  Was FOODBEV until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  74250   National Certificate: Dairy Primary Processing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Elective  50305   National Certificate: Food Laboratory Analysis  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. FMCG Training Solutions CC 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.