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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Investigate potential hazards in local contexts and suggest possible ways to minimise their spatial and social impact 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119896  Investigate potential hazards in local contexts and suggest possible ways to minimise their spatial and social impact 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Geography 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies General Social Science 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is intended for learners who are required to apply geographical knowledge and skill in authentic situations. It will be useful for community based training and should empower members of local communities to manage risk in their environments. It may also be useful for fishers, risk managers, learners in insurance, tour guides, learners doing qualifications in archaeology and rapid response and learners in travel and tourism.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Describing potential hazards in the local context.
  • Explaining where and when hazards occur.
  • Explaining the impact of hazards in the local area.
  • Suggesting ways to minimise the effect of hazards in specific situations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Spatial impact refers to impact as it happens on the ground.
  • Indigenous knowledge may be accessed through interviews with elders in the community and the use of recorded and oral history and legends. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe potential hazards in local contexts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of a hazard is explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concept of a disaster is explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Hazards related to the human environment are identified in local contexts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards may include, but are not limited to, epidemics, poor building standards, fire, poor sanitation, unhygienic conditions, crime, public violence, spillages and pollution, old buildings and archaeological activities.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Hazards related to the natural environment are identified in local contexts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards may include, but are not limited to, flood, drought, sinkholes, earthquakes, landslides, storms at sea and other weather phenomena, undermined land, lightening and animal related hazards.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Ways in which human factors aggravate natural hazards are identified in local contexts. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Ways may include, but are not limited to, overgrazing, how and where structures are erected, materials used, excavations and alien vegetation.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain where and when hazards occur. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The frequency and probability of the occurrence of a variety of hazards are discussed at local level. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Spatial knowledge is applied to identify where hazards exist and why they occur in specific places. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Identification may include, but is not limited to, area, distance, extent, where they do not occur, flood lines, and flood plains, rock types and erosion.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Previous local disasters are investigated using indigenous knowledge and/or regional records or forecasts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Reasons why hazards become disasters are discussed with reference to legends and local examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the impact of hazards in the local area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The direct impact of natural hazards is explained for specific communities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The indirect impact of natural hazards is explained for specific communities. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Impact includes, but is not limited to, social, economic and environmental hazards and loss of archaeological deposit.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Suggest ways to minimise the effect of hazards in specific situations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Appropriate strategies are selected and motivated to manage local risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Local infrastructure is identified and a plan is suggested to deal with emergencies. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Infrastructure includes, but is not limited to, local services, agencies and structures including relief organisations, electricity supply services, water department, fire brigade, community structures, landowners and Non- Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An emergency plan is presented spatially to the local community indicating who does what, where and when. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Health and safety related rights and responsibilities are identified and an indication is given of action that a community can take in different situations. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Assessors for this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the appropriate ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the appropriate ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the appropriate ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the appropriate ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the appropriate ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures.
  • Moderators must be registered as assessors with the relevant ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses show that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made in identifying potential hazards and suggesting ways to manage them. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    The learner is able to work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community in selecting appropriate strategies to manage risk in a local area. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage him/herself and his/her own activities responsibly and effectively in recognising his/her rights and responsibilities and participating in a project to identify and manage risk in the local environment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner is able to collect, organise and critically evaluate information in accessing information from records, forecasts and community experience and presenting information spatially. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively in suggesting a plan to manage hazards and presenting it to the local community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
  • The learner is able to demonstrate cultural sensitivity in accessing indigenous knowledge systems with a view to managing hazards in local communities.
  • The learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems identifying where and why hazards occur and synthesising the information to suggest a plan to manage risk. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    The learner is able to participate as a responsible citizen in the life of local, national and global communities in identifying health and safety related risks and responsibilities and indicating actions that a community can take in different situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49772   National Certificate: Archaeology  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  57613   Further Education and Training Certificate: Short-Term Risk Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  INSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.