SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain basic legal and ethical principles that apply to archaeology 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119876  Explain basic legal and ethical principles that apply to archaeology 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Archaeology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies Traditions, History and Legacies 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is intended for learners who work as field or laboratory assistants on a regular basis as part of an archaeological team. It may also be useful for learners in museums who do not have formal qualifications and learners on excavation sites who assist with excavations following set procedures

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Explaining how archaeology is regulated in South Africa.
  • Interpreting the code of behaviour for professional archaeologists.
  • Explaining the role of archaeological standards of practice.
  • Explaining the social responsibility relating to human remains. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is recommended that learners are competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • South African Legislation.
  • Minimum standards, and Codes of conduct and ethics of the Association of Southern African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain how archaeology is regulated in South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Legislation governing archaeology in South Africa is named and an indication is given of what each Act regulates. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Legislation includes, but is not limited to, National Heritage Resources Act of 1999, National Environment Management Act, Environment Conservation Act of 1989, Human Tissues Act.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The role of the South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA) is explained with reference to the issuing of permits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The role of Provincial Heritage Resources Authorities (PHRA) is explained with reference to a selected province. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The role of the Association of Southern African Professional Archaeologists (ASAPA) is explained with reference to the regulatory function. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Reasons why archaeology is regulated are explained with examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Interpret the code for professional archaeologists. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The ASAPA code of ethics is explained with reference to attitudes and values. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The ASAPA code of conduct is explained with reference to behaviour. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Situations where improper behaviour should be reported are identified for three case studies. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the role of archaeological minimum standards of practice. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The minimum standards relating to recording are outlined with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The minimum standards relating to reporting are outlined with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The minimum standards relating to conservation of site and materials are outlined with examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the social responsibility relating to human remains and grave goods. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The procedure for dealing with human remains and grave goods is explained with reference to legal requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures include human remains on site, in museums and in repositories.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Reasons why human remains and grave goods are treated differently from other remains are explained with reference to cultural sensitivities. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively in explaining Legislation, Codes and minimum standards of practice for professional archaeologists and in reporting violations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The learner is able to see the world as a set of related systems in explaining why archaeology is regulated. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
  • The learner is able to participate as a responsible citizen in behaving ethically within the codes of professional archeologists.
  • The learner is able to be culturally sensitive in dealing with human remains. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Search words:

    Ethics; archaeology; archaeological standards; implementation of legislation, heritage. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49772   National Certificate: Archaeology  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.