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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114281  Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2004-02-11  2007-02-11  SAQA 2152/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-02-11   2011-02-11  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
246634  Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue  Level 3  NQF Level 03  This is only acceptable as a replacement if 114281 has the following statuses: Pending; Never Was Offered; Inactive. Please check that this is the case, and inform the Data Quality Coordinator if not. 
256294  Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners will be to explain the basic principles of paper, board or tissue testing, perform the necessary tests using appropriate test equipment, and document test results whilst adhering to safety, health, environment and quality requirements. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Learners attempting this unit standard are required to read, understand and interpret work instructions that are of a technical nature and to have basic chemistry and mathematical knowledge. It is therefore required that they have achieved NQF level 2 or equivalent accreditation. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
At least five tests need to be assessed.
Paper, board or tissue testing:
Porosity, basis mass, caliper, tensile (cross direction and machine direction), softness, roughness, colour, brightness, absorption rate, stretch, Cobb, scabs, stiffness, curl, IGTC (printability), surface pH, Scott bond, moisture, saturation scarf, tear, burst, fold, shade, bulk, opacity, gloss, flat and ring crash, formation, wax pick, slip test, density, HST, voiding, colour, whiteness, stack lean, TSI, TSO, toner AHD, taber, friction, blotch, spot count , dirt count, ash content. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of tests carried out on paper. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of tests carried out on paper, board or tissue. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The reasons for testing are discussed and explained in terms of process control, quality assurance and continuous improvement. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Principles of the tests for product characteristics, which are conducted at the learner`s own workplace, are discussed and explained in accordance with workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Test procedures are discussed and explained in accordance with workplace procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Learners are able to perform routine checks on test equipment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The operation of the testing equipment used in the learner`s own laboratory is discussed and explained in accordance with workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Safety features of testing equipment, used in the learner`s own laboratory, are identified and the role of the testing equipment is discussed and explained in accordance with workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Test equipment is selected and checked according to manufacturer`s specifications. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Learners are able to select and carry out tests. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Test methods are identified as per the workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Samples are selected and prepared in accordance with workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Tests are carried out in accordance with workplace procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Learners are able to record and report test results. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Test results are recorded and reported in accordance with workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Out of specification results are reported in accordance with workplace procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Learners are able to adhere to safety, health and environmental requirements. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Learners are able to adhere to safety, health and environmental requirements including the requirements of standard operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Hazards and risks associated with the testing processes are identified and relevant prescribed precautions are discussed and explained or demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Environment hazards are identified and the relevant precautions to be taken are discussed and explained according to laboratory environmental procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Company safety procedures and housekeeping standards are understood and adhered to. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Things the learner knows and can explain:
Names and functions of
  • Testing equipment
  • Instrumentation and measuring units
  • Specifications and standards
  • Chemicals
  • Cleaning materials
    Description, properties and characteristics of
  • Materials
  • Equipment
  • Controls
  • Services
    Sensory cues
  • Ad hoc tests for conditions (smell, colour, sound)
    The Purpose of
  • Tests in terms of efficiencies and quality
  • Cleaning
  • Physical and chemical tests
    Causes, effects and implications of
  • The test variables and conditions
  • Hazards
  • Nature and sequence of testing procedures
  • Collection and measuring conditions
  • Test results
    Procedures and Techniques of
  • Sample collection
  • Analysis
    Interrelationships
  • Between the tests results and corrective actions to be taken
    Theory, rules, laws, principles of:
  • Temperature
  • Testing
  • Sampling
    Regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • Environmental issues
  • Housekeeping
  • Company safety procedures
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Quality specifications 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Describe typical problems encountered during testing and offer solutions to these problems
  • Recognise and respond to deviations, incorrect settings 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Interact with others to achieve consistent outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
  • Participate in life-long learning
  • Plan and manage analyses
  • Work to achieve consistent results 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
  • Use various sources of information pertaining to testing
  • Translate conditions or instructions into specific actions or criteria 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Record and report data related to the tests
  • Respond to questions and requests for additional information
  • Report incidents and conditions 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Use equipment effectively
  • Handle and treat materials correctly 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard will be replaced by unit standard 256294, which is "Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue", Level 3, 5 credits, as soon as 256294 is registered.

    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 246634 which is "Conduct physical tests on paper, board or tissue", Level 3, 5 credits.

    Definition:
    Workplace procedures refer to instructions on policies and procedures, which are formally documented, and are available for reference. Examples are standard operating procedures, work instructions, specifications, manuals and manufacturers` information. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48644   Further Education and Training Certificate: Paper, Board or Tissue Manufacturing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-11  Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Nteko Investments 
    2. SAPPI LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.