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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Perform visual inspection tests to identify paper defects 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114279  Perform visual inspection tests to identify paper defects 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2004-02-11  2007-02-11  SAQA 2152/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-02-11   2011-02-11  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
246636  Perform visual inspection checks to identify paper defects  Level 3  NQF Level 03  This is only acceptable as a replacement if 114279 has the following statuses: Pending; Never Was Offered; Inactive. Please check that this is the case, and inform the Data Quality Coordinator if not. 
256296  Perform visual inspection checks to identify paper defects  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners will be to identify paper defects common to the paper industry, and record, report and interpret test data whilst adhering to safety, health, environment and quality requirements. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Learners attempting this unit standard are required to read, understand and interpret work instructions, which are of a technical nature. It is therefore required that they have achieved NQF level 2 or equivalent accreditation and have basic chemistry and mathematical skills. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
This unit standard covers the visual inspection tests used to identify paper defects. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Learners will have learned to identify and discuss paper defects common to the paper industry. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Paper sheet defects are identified and discussed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Paper formation defects are identified and discussed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Corrective action is discussed and taken. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Corrective action is taken if any of the following are observed:
Picking, impression marks, size press marks, stamps, snailing lumps, blotches, dandy picks, wood shives, starch spots, rust, dust and spot count, calcium spots, our bells, oil marks, shiny spots, barring, water mark, dye reaction, volume fibres, shade variation, starch checking, streaks, coating flakes, crushing, poor formation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
The learner is able to identify and discuss paper defects caused by equipment faults. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Paper defects caused by dry-end operation are identified and discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Paper defects include too many joins, starch, length, wax spots.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Paper defects caused by winder operation are identified and discussed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Paper defects include telescoping, loose ends, diameter, shaving run, width stepping, unparted, joins, split/sheet out, slitting, core diameter, winder creased.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Paper defects related to surface property faults are identified and discussed. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
The learner is able to perform tests and record and report data related to inspections. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
The learner is able to perform tests and record and report data related to inspections and observations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Master production schedule is interpreted. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Single point and slab tests are performed. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Tests include visual inspection and observation, core test, roap and ridges, soft edges, starring, shell buckles, slack edges.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Test results are recorded and reported. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Out of specification tests results are reported. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Conforming and non-conforming products are identified and reported. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
The learner is able to adhere to safety, health and environmental requirements. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
The learner is able to adhere to safety, health and environmental requirements, including the requirements of workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Hazards and risks are identified and relevant prescribed precautions are discussed, explained or demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Environment hazards are identified and the relevant precautions to be taken are explained according to laboratory environmental procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Company safety procedures and housekeeping standards are understood and adhered to. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Things the learner knows and can explain:
Names and functions of
  • Testing equipment
  • Measuring units and tools
  • Specifications and standards
  • Cleaning materials
    Description, properties and characteristics of
  • Materials
  • Equipment
  • Controls
  • Services
    Sensory cues
  • Ad hoc tests for conditions (smell, colour, sound)
    The Purpose of
  • Tests in terms of efficiencies and quality
  • Cleaning
  • Visual inspection

    Causes, effects and implications of
  • The test variables and conditions
  • Hazards
  • Nature and sequence of inspection procedures
  • Collection and measuring conditions
  • Test results

    Procedures and Techniques of
  • Sample collection
  • Analysis
    Interrelationships
  • Between the tests results and corrective actions to be taken
    Theory, rules, laws, principles of
  • Sampling
  • Testing
    Regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • Environmental issues
  • Housekeeping
  • Company safety procedures
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Quality specifications
  • Laboratories 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Describe typical problems encountered during visual inspection and solutions to these problems
  • Recognise and respond to deviations 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
  • Interact with others to achieve consistent outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
  • Participate in life-long learning
  • Plan and manage analyses
  • Work to achieve consistent results 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
  • Use various sources of information pertaining to visual inspection
  • Translate conditions or instructions into specific actions or criteria 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Record and report data related to the visual inspection
  • Respond to questions and requests for additional information
  • Report incidents and conditions 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Use equipment and tools effectively
  • Handle and treat materials correctly 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard will be replaced by unit standard 256296, which is "Perform visual inspection checks to identify paper defects", Level 3, 4 credits, as soon as 256296 is registered.

    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 246636, which is "Perform visual inspection checks to identify paper defects", Level 3, 4 credits.

    Definition
    Workplace procedures refer to instructions on policies and procedures, which are formally documented, and are available for reference. Examples are standard operating procedures, workplace instructions, specifications, manuals and manufacturer`s information. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48644   Further Education and Training Certificate: Paper, Board or Tissue Manufacturing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-11  Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Nteko Investments 
    2. SAPPI LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.