SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand the printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114253  Understand the printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners will be able to demonstrate understanding of printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Learners attempting this unit standard are required to read, understand and interpret operating manuals which are of a technical nature. It is therefore required that they have achieved NQF level 3 or equivalent accreditation. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
This unit standard covers understanding of printing processes and quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products intended for printing. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Gravure printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Gravure printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Gravure printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of the manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed, explained and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Lithography printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Lithography Printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Lithography printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of the manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Flexography printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Flexography printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Flexography printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength properties.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Letterpress printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Letterpress printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Letterpress printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength properties.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Inkjet printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Inkjet printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Inkjet printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Laser printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Laser printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Laser printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength properties.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to discuss and explain the fundamental principles of the Screen printing process and the quality requirements for the end use of manufactured paper products. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic Screen printing process is discussed and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Manufactured paper products used in the Screen printing process are listed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The properties of the manufactured paper products are identified, discussed and reported. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Smoothness, coating, moisture, opacity, shade, strength properties.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. The impact of the quality properties of manufactured paper products on print quality is discussed and explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Print defects: misregister, blister, cracking, show through, shade variation.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 8 
Qualifying learners are able to describe the suitability of different paper products. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Qualifying learners are able to describe the suitability of different paper products for different printing processes based on the paper properties. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The basic properties of various papers are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The printing processes, which will be most suited to the papers described in 8.1, are indicated. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Things the learner knows and can explain:

Names/ functions of
  • Manufactured paper products
  • Printing processes
  • Print defects
  • Printer terminology and paper manufacturing terminology

    Description, properties and characteristics of
  • Manufactured paper products
  • Printing processes
  • Print defects

    The Purpose of the
  • Paper making and printing processes in terms of good print quality

    Causes, effects and implications of
  • Not complying with quality specifications
  • Poor print quality

    Procedures and techniques of
  • Recording and reporting data
  • Identifying paper properties
  • Identifying print defects

    Regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Quality specifications
  • Print surface measurements such as PPS
  • Mottling
  • Ink absorption
  • Ink acceptance of the paper
  • PIFSA 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Recognise root cause and respond to print defects
  • Be able to recommend adjustments to the printing process to resolve problems 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
  • Interact with others to achieve consistent outcomes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage self and activities
  • Participate in life-long learning
  • Work to achieve consistent results 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information
  • Use various sources of information pertaining to printing processes
  • Translate conditions into specific actions or criteria 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • Record and report data related to print defects
  • Respond to questions and requests for additional information
  • Report incidents and conditions
  • Liase with relevant operational support units
  • Communicate print defects which are related to paper products to process persons in such a way as they understand how to resolve the paper problem. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
  • Explain the relationship between the quality of manufactured paper products and print defects. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  61971   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  48644   Further Education and Training Certificate: Paper, Board or Tissue Manufacturing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-11  Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    2. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    3. MPACT 
    4. Mpact Operations Paper Springs 
    5. Nteko Investments 
    6. SAPPI LTD 
    7. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.