SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe basic principles of a Lumber Kiln drying schedule 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263683  Describe basic principles of a Lumber Kiln drying schedule 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard reflects the skills, values and knowledge required by people in the sub-field of Forestry and/or wood technology who must be able to describe basic principles of a Lumber Kiln drying schedule.

People credited with this Unit Standard are able to:
  • Explain the basic factors that must be taken into consideration in a kiln drying schedule.
  • Explain types of kiln drying schedules.
  • Explain the process of determining drying rate and end point of drying cycle.
  • Describe the stages of a kiln drying schedule. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    A Learner who wishes to enter a learning programme for this Unit Standard must be able to demonstrate:
  • Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • Lumber drying knowledge and skills equivalent to NQF Level 1 requirements.
  • Knowledge of workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental principles in the lumber drying area relevant to NQF Level 1 requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the basic factors that must be taken into consideration in a kiln drying schedule. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Temperature, air speed, humidity, kinds of wood, wood density, allowable drying stresses in wood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Basic factors that must be taken into consideration in a lumber kiln drying schedule are identified according to quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Basic factors that must be taken into consideration in a lumber kiln drying schedule are explained according to worksite procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain types of kiln drying schedules. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Low temp, conventional temp, elevated temp, high temp, time based, moisture content based. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Types of kiln drying schedules are identified according to quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Types of kiln drying schedules are explained according to worksite procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the stages of a kiln drying schedule. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Heating up, drying cycle, equalizing, conditioning, cooling off. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Stages of a kiln drying schedule are identified according to quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Stages of a kiln drying schedule are correctly described according to worksite procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the process of determining drying rate and end point of drying cycle. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Moisture content monitoring by sample weighing, by resistant type moisture content meters, by electronic registering means. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Methods and techniques to determine the rate of drying of the lumber and endpoint of drying cycle are identified according to quality requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Methods and techniques to determine the rate of drying of the lumber and endpoint of drying cycle are explained according to worksite procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The context in which the prescribed methods and techniques are used is explained according to worksite procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 4 or higher qualification, will assess the learner's competency. Only an Assessor with suitable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner's competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain, and apply where relevant:
  • Workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental management principles.
  • The basic principles of lumber kiln drying schedules. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems regarding activities in the lumber drying area. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate health and safety requirements. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology in the lumber drying process in the mill. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Use equipment in a safe manner with due regard to operator's manuals. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66312   National Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    2. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    3. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.