SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Remove and replace off-the-road (OTR) wheels and tyres 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
256176  Remove and replace off-the-road (OTR) wheels and tyres 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard reflects the skills, knowledge and values required to remove and replace off-the-road (OTR) wheels and tyres. Learners credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Remove wheels from OTR machines/equipment and tyres from wheels.
  • Refit tyres to wheels and wheels to OTR machines/equipment.
  • Apply knowledge of maintenance requirements for OTR tyres. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The following competencies are assumed:
  • Communication, NQF Level 1.
  • Mathematical Literacy, NQF Level 1. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Off-the-road (OTR) machines/equipment includes but is not limited to military applications, cranes, earthmoving equipment and mining equipment.

    'Wheel' refers to the entire wheel assembly, including but not limited to components such as rims, inner and outer flanges, bead seat band and lock rings but excludes the tyre.

    The context will determine whether the entire wheel and tyre assembly will be removed and replaced, or whether the wheel will remain secured to the machine/equipment hub, while only the tyre is removed and replaced. The learner must be assessed in both of these contexts in order to meet the requirements of this unit standard.
  • Tyre types include tubeless, tubed type, crossply and radial.
  • The individual will work as a member of a team throughout the process of removing and refitting tyres and wheels.
  • The learner is not required to operate specialised tyre handling machines.
  • Further information on the scope and level of this unit standard is indicated by range statements related to the specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Remove wheel from OTR machine/equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safe working practices and procedures are applied throughout the process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Safe working practices must include machine/equipment lockout and establishment of level working surfaces.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Wheel type is identified to enable manufacturer's removal procedure to be followed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools and equipment to remove the wheel are selected in accordance with task requirements and used in accordance with manufacturers' procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The machine/equipment is raised and secured in accordance with task requirements and manufacturers' procedures to enable the wheel to be removed safely. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The tyre is completely deflated before the wheel is removed in accordance with company procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The wheel is removed in accordance with machine/equipment and tyre manufacturers' procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Relevant contribution is made to the achievement of team goals. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Remove OTR tyre from wheel. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Tyres are tubed type and tubeless. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tyre and tube assembly is removed from wheel in accordance with company and manufacturer's procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment used to remove the tyre from the wheel are selected in accordance with task requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Individual contribution supports the achievement of team goals. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The team may consist of two or more people.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Removal activities are performed safely without damage or injury to self, fellow workers, tools and equipment, tubes and tyres, wheels, machines/equipment or the environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Refit OTR tyre to wheel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tyre is fitted onto wheel in accordance with manufacturer's procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    In the case of tubed tyres, this includes fitting of tube and/or flap.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Components of wheel are visually checked for condition and cleaned as required, and any damage and/or faults are identified and reported to the relevant personnel in accordance with company procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Relevant tools and equipment are selected and used to fit the tyre in accordance with wheel and tyre type and manufacturers' specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The tyre is inflated to tyre manufacturer's recommended operating pressure while secured in a safety retaining device, and the valve core and cap are replaced. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Refitting activities are performed safely without damage or injury to self, fellow workers, tools and equipment, tube and tyres, wheels, machines/equipment or the environment. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Refit wheel to OTR machine/equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    All relevant safety procedures are followed when refitting wheel to machine/equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Wheel is fitted to wheel hub without damage to components or OTR machine/equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Wheel nuts are replaced, tightened and torqued to machine/equipment manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Tyre pressure is checked and if necessary tyre is inflated in accordance with manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Machine/equipment is safely lowered and jacks and stands are removed in accordance with manufacturers' procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Complete the work process and inspect refitted wheel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Refitted wheel is inspected for conformance to machine/equipment manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools, accessories and equipment are cleaned and stored in accordance with company procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Feedback is given to appropriate personnel and relevant documents are completed in accordance with company requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All relevant housekeeping tasks are performed. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The integrated assessment should be based on a summative assessment guide. The guide will specify how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
    > Evaluating evidence in a portfolio of evidence, particularly projects which integrate various aspects of the unit standard and which demonstrate the integration of knowledge, skills and values, and the development of the critical outcomes.
    > Observing and listening to the learner at work, both in primary activities as well as in other interactions, or in relevant simulations.
    > Asking questions and initiating short discussions to test understanding and to verify other evidence.
    > Looking at records and reports.
    > Formative assessment.
  • Assessment of competence for this unit standard is based on experience acquired by the learner in the workplace, within the particular tyre context. The assessment process should cover the explicit tasks required for the unit standard as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the process.
    The assessment process should also establish how the learning process has advanced the Critical Cross-field Outcomes.
  • The learner may choose in which language he/she wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.
  • Assessors should also evaluate evidence that the learner has been performing consistently over a period of time.
  • The assessment for this unit standard can be done in conjunction with assessment for other unit standards related to a qualification, and in conjunction with the assessment for the qualification as a whole. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following items reflect the type of knowledge that the assessor will evaluate:

    Names & functions of:
  • Types of OTR wheels and tyres.
  • Tools, equipment, accessories.
  • OTR machines/equipment.

    Purpose of:
  • Checking tyre pressure.
  • Safe work practices.
  • Reporting and documentation.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Tyre and wheel construction.
  • Characteristics of different types of tyres, tubes, valves.
  • Characteristics of tools, equipment, accessories.

    Processes and events:
  • Lifting, securing, lowering OTR machine/equipment.
  • Removing and refitting wheels and tyres.
  • Caring for and storing tools and equipment.

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Effective and inadequate teamwork.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Lifting, securing, lowering OTR machines/equipment.
  • Removing and replacing wheels, tyres, tubes.
  • Caring for and storing tools and equipment.

    Sensory cues:
  • Indications of wheel/tyre problems.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Quality standards.
  • Manufacturer's specifications.
  • Company standards.
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental requirements.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Relevant principles for lifting, handling tyres.
  • Torque.
  • Principles underpinning tyre construction, use and maintenance.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Role of teamwork in safe and effective work practices for securing machine/equipment and removing and refitting wheels and tyres. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Identify and solve problems encountered while removing and refitting OTR wheels and tyres. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • Work effectively with others as a member of a team to remove and refit OTR wheels and tyres. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Apply procedures and practices that will reduce the possibility of accidents and reduce damage to tools, equipment and OTR machines/equipment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information:
  • Collect sensory and numeric information related to the process, eg tyre condition, pressure readings.
  • Classify the information and identify deviations from the norm/use the information to determine appropriate action. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Use common industry terms for tools, equipment, materials and processes.
  • Give and respond to instructions that relate to the group effort. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Select and use tools and equipment related to mass, size and shape.
  • Apply principles related to lifting and moving. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Relate the tools and equipment used to the quality of the performance and safety of the process. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The operation of specialised tyre handling equipment is not covered by this unit standard. This falls under the relevant section of the OHS Act for lifting machines and attachments. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  78523   National Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  61809   National Certificate: Tyre Repair and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    2. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    3. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    4. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    5. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    6. Bridgestone South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Isando Branch (ISANDO) (TP) 
    7. Buscor 
    8. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    9. DON-DER TRUCK REPAIRS TRUST 
    10. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    11. Eastcape Training Centre 
    12. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    13. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    14. Imperial Technical Training Academy (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    15. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    16. Industry Training & Consulting cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    17. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    18. KwaZulu Automotive Training Services cc (KZN) (DURBAN) (TP) 
    19. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    20. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    21. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    22. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    23. Nissan SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    24. PUTCO Pty Ltd 
    25. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    26. Rema Tip Top SA (Pty) Ltd (BENONI) (TP) 
    27. SG Coal (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    28. Shukela Training Centre 
    29. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    30. The Automobile Association of South Africa NPC T/A The AA Technical College(MIDRAND) (TP) 
    31. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    32. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    33. TRENTYRE (Spartan)(TP) 
    34. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    35. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    36. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd (CENTURION) (TP) 
    37. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    38. Wavelength T.T.I 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.